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Hurmiz Rassam and Chaldeans

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Hurmiz Rassam and Chaldeans

Apr-10-2001 at 11:09 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

According to Badger in his Nestorians and their Rituals:
"In the beginning of the 19th century the most important Chaldean community in Diarbekir could only boast of the name Sooryaya (Suryaya) and 'Nestornaya'".

Rassam wrote: The (Chaldean) peasantry do certainly call themselves Sooryaya (Suryaya) and 'Mshekhaya' He also adds: but the Papal Chaldeans use the term Suryaya for all Christians, but they limit the word 'Mshehaya' only to Roman Catholic.

Rassam is saying that the Christians on north of Iraq considered themselves Sooryayeh (Suryayeh) and not Chaldeans.

Rassam though, who was from the Chaldean Catholic Church, himself is responsible for popularizing the Chaldean name, consciously or not. Since he was working with Layard and had some influence on him since he, i.e. Rassam, was confusing the religious name Chaldean side by side with the title Assyrian. That is why in most history Books published form 1840 up to the world war II the name Chaldean is mentioned often but from then on the historical Chaldeans are seldom mentioned if not at all.

Here is what Rassam said about why these Assyrians were called Chaldeans and why Rome called them so, he wrote:
A difficulty now arose; the new converts styled themselves 'Sooraye' and 'Nestornaye' . The Romanists could not call them 'Catholic Syrians' or 'Syrian Catholics' for this appellation they had already given to their proselytes from the Jacobites, who also called themselves 'Syrians'. They could not term them 'Catholic Nestorians,' as Mr. Justin Perkins, the independent American missionary does, for this would involve a contradiction. What more natural, then, than that they should have applied to them the title of 'Chaldeans' to which they had some claims of nationality, in virtue of their Assyrian Descent.


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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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