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Ahiqar and the Old Testament

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Ahiqar and the Old Testament

Jun-03-2001 at 11:36 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

In 1906, German archaelogists recovered an edition of Ahiqar's teachings on the island
of Elephantine, which is today part of the city of Aswan in southern Egypt. This copy
of Ahiqar's (Aramaic: 'hyqr) teachings, who served as an advisor to the Assyrian king,
was written in Aramaic about 500 B.C. on (11) palimpsest or recycled sheets of papyrus.
Before the teachings could be written on these sheets, the previous writing had to be
erased. Today they are preserved in the Staatliche Museum in Berlin.

Ahiqar never had a child who could be his heir, so he adopted Nadin and trained him
to take over his job in the Assyrian court. Once Nadin got into office, however, he
betrayed Ahiqar by accusing him of treason. Ahiqar was sentenced to death, but the
executioner carried out the sentence on a substitute and Ahiqar went into hiding.
Ahiqar subsequently recovered his honor by helping the great king of Assyria win
an enormous wager with the pharaoh of Egypt, and by exposing Nadin as a fool.

Seven sheets of papyrus with a total of nine columns preserve masalim, which are
sayings, proverbs and adages like those found in the book of Proverbs. There are
also fables, in which plants and animals taunt each other, like one in the book of
Judges ( Judg 9: 8-15) and in the fables of Aesop. Four sheets of papyrus with a total
of five columns preserve stories like those in the teachings of Joseph in the book of
Genesis (Gen 37:2 - 50:26), in the teachings of Tobit (Tob 1:1 - 14:15), where Ahiqar
appears as Tobit's nephew (Tob 1:21- 2;4QTobaram), and in the Thousand and One
Nights in Arabic.

"Old Testament Parallels: Laws and Stories from the Ancient Near East"

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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