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King of Assyria was not a God

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King of Assyria was not a God

Jun-03-2001 at 12:35 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

The King of Assyria made no such claims to personal divinity as the Pharaohs of Egypt or even the Hittite monarch who ordered himself to be addressed as "Sun Majesty, my Sun". No doubt obsequious courtiers would make a point of telling the king that he was their Sun, and we find a woman called Hammurabi-Shamshi or Hammurabi is my Sun: but we must realize that while the king might be the light of him who invokes him, he was not the god who was its source, and it is extremely rare to find an example of a monarch claiming identity with the god Shamash. Only in a limited periods of Mesopotamian history, such as the third dynasty of Ur, and then perhaps under Egyptian influence, did certain monarchs prefix their names with the sign which connoted divinity, while by the end of the Assyrian and during the Neo-Babylonian periods, the practice had long been obsolete, surviving only in the form of a curious conventional claim to be the son of this or that goddess: an assertion which could hardly carry conviction, since the kings mother could be seen at the court.

The Egyptian Pharaohs did not hesitate to claim divine decent, despite the fact that everyone had known their predeccessors on the throne. Certain Mesopotamian monarchs, like Agum-kak-rime and Idin Dagan, claimed to be of the race of god Shuqamuna or son of the god Dagan, but this must have been a purely formal title, for King Gudea of Lagash describes himself successively as the son of Gatamdug, Nina, Nin-Sun and Baba: while during the late Assyrian period we find Ashurbanipal on different occassions claiming Ninlil, Belit of Nineveh and Ishtar of Arbela as his mother. We should see in this merely a distant memory of the divine origin of monarchy and divine selection, and an assertion that divine power had endowed a king with every perfection from before his birth.

"Everyday Life in Babylon and Assyria"
by Georges Contenau

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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