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Letter of the American Consul to Secretary of State

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Letter of the American Consul to Secretary of State

Sep-06-2001 at 01:39 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Doc # 160

American Consulate,
Baghdad, Mesopotamia, March 17th, 1919

Subject: Copy of letter from Lieut-Colonel Agha Petros Commander-in-Chief of the Assyrian Army of Urmia

The Honorable,
The Secretary of State,
Washington

Sir,
I have the honor to enclose herewith for the information of the Department copy of a letter and report by Lieut-Colonel Agha Petros, one of the Assyrian leaders who fought the Turks in the region of Urumiah, Persia, and held them off for seven months after the withdrawal of the Russian force from that region. Owing to the lack of ammunition the Assyrians were finally obliged to flee and came down to Hamadan and are now at the great refugee camp generally spoken of as the Jelu Camp at Baqubah 30 miles north-east of Baghdad.

In the connection I also enclose herewith 3 copies of a pamphlet entitled A Modern City of Refuge by S.G. Dunn which gives a very good idea of the refugee camp.

I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
(signed) Consul.
Enclosures: -
Copy of letter Lt. Col. Agha Petros March 10, 1919
3 Copies of pamphlet A Modern City of Refuge

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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