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Assyrians in 18th century archives

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Assyrians in 18th century archives

Nov-26-2001 at 01:40 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Evidence of Armenian relations with Russia started during the reign of Tsar Michael (1613-1645), the founder of the Romanov Dynasty.

A study published in 2001 by George A. Bournoutian under the title Armenians and Russia (1626-1796): A Documentary Record covered more of the earliest Russian Archival records concerning the Armenians. The Archives published in this specific study were written starting in March 1626 and continued until the death of Catherine the Great in November 1796.

These 17th and 18th century records were published in various group collections. The first group was gathered by Russian and Armenian scholars and was published in the 19th century. The earliest of these is a three-volume work edited by S. Glinka, published in 1833-1838 by the Lazarev Institute in Moscow. Three decades later, the Akty sobrannye Kavkazskoiu Arkheograficheskoiu Kommissieiu, edited by A. Berzhe, was published in Tiflis. The second group of documents was collected by a number of prominent Soviet Armenian historians and was published in Erevan primarily during the second half of the 20th century.

These Archives are not only of importance to Armenians alone but to Assyrians too since they include references regarding "the Assyrians" in the 18th (Eighteenth) century. These letters written in the 1760s and 1780s by one clergymen, a Russian Commnader, and a high advisor to Catherine the Great, mentioned "the Assyrians" as oppressed Christians and as a force to be used against the Turks and so forth.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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