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The Chaldean Catholic Church

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The Chaldean Catholic Church

Dec-09-2001 at 12:37 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

The patriarchal See of the Church of the East at Rabban Hurmizd tried repeatedly to establish closer links with Rome, but only in the early nineteenth century did this lead to Roman Catholic recognition of its last patriarch, Yukhannan Hormizd. In 1830, after the Catholic Yosep V Augustin Hindi of Diyarbakir passed away, this Yukhannan Hormizd became the sole Uniate in the region, and became known as Chaldean, and took the title Patriarch of Babylon. It was here that the origin of the present Chaldean Catholic Church, with its see today in Baghdad, started.

Chaldean Catholic Church Patriarchs

1. Yukhannan Hormizd (1830 - 1838)
2. Nikolas Eshaya (1838 - 1847)
3. Yosep VI Audo (1848 - 1878)
4. Eliya XIV Abulyonan (1879 - 1894)
5. Audishu V Khayyat (1895 - 1899)
6. Yosep VI Emmanuel II Thoma (1900 - 1947)
7. Yosep VII Ghanima (1947 - 1958)
8. Poulos II Cheykho (1958 - 1989)
9. Rhaphael I Bidawid (1989 - present)

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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