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"Horses of Different Breeds: Observations in Assyrian Art."

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"Horses of Different Breeds: Observations in Assyrian Art."

Aug-11-2000 at 00:01 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

During the XLV1e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale (The 46th International Congress of Assyriology) in Paris, Pauline Albenda presented a work under the title:

"Horses of Different Breeds: Observations in Assyrian Art."

In the ancient Near East horses were an integral part of the military organization of rulers powerful enough to assemble large numbers of chariotry and, at a later date, cavalry. By the early first millenium BC, Assyria proved to be the most powerful. Through conquest, tribute, and on occasion royal gifts, horses were imported to Assyria from the mountainous regions to the north and east of Assyria, and from the west as far as Egypt. Neo-Assyrian administrative texts document the various regions from whence differents breeds of horses were brought to Assyria.

Albenda added that Assyrians had trades with the region of Lake Urmia and that the Assyrian merchants during Shalmaneser III reign (858-824 BC) were established already around Lake Urmia region for that purpose. In addition, she added, that a stelea indicates that in 737 BC Tiglathpileser III brought 1500 horses from the region of Zagros mountains and that in 714 BC, Sargon II received 4609 horses from the Medes. The Caspian Sea region has a pony, which is identified with a breed seen in a court in Assyria, perhaps a gift from a chieftain.

It is safe, Albenda concluded, that the Assyrian breeds spread to many different regions after the fall of the empire and were used even by the Arabs later.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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