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New book "Arabs and Christians?"

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New book "Arabs and Christians?"

Aug-29-2000 at 01:45 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

In a new book by Antonie Wessels titled "Arabs and Christians? Christians in the Middle East" the author writes, quote:

"The Chaldeans
Since the Crusaders, the Roman Catholic Church has made attempts at rapprochement with the Nestorians. In 1551, the Assyrian community refused to accept the appointment of Shim'un VII Denkha as Patriarch of the Church of the East. They sent a monk, Yuhanna Sulaqa, to Rome, where he was appointed Patriarch of Babylon and head of the first church in the Middle East to unite with Rome. While the name Assyrian refers to an ethnic identity, the name Chaldean refers to the (Catholic) 'rite'. He later died as a 'martyr' in Diyarbekr (Eastern Turkey) at the hands of the anti-Catholic community.
In 1672 more than a century after the failure of Patriarch Sulaqa to effect the 'return' of the Nestorians, a separate Chaldean rite was organized. Chaldea was originally the name for the area south of Assyria, and Chaldean has become the name for the Nestorians who have united with Rome. It was not until 1830 that a fixed hierarchy could be established for this so-called Chaldean patriarch, who was then recognized in 1845 by the Turks as the leader of a separate nation (millet). The Chaldean Church succeeded in overshadowing, both in power and number, the original Nestorian Church. Since 1834 the Chaldean Church has become an effective power, especially in Baghdad." Unquote.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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