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Minorities East of the Mediterranean

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Minorities East of the Mediterranean

Sep-30-2000 at 01:52 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Aqaliyat fi sharq al-mutawasit (Minorities East of the Mediterranean)
By: Faiz Sara

This book was introduced in Chikhwa d Bet Nahrain (The Star of Bet Nahrain), the Assyrian and Arabic magazine, Issue 7, No. 4, July 2000. The book is in 144 pages and six chapters, an introduction and a conclusion. The six chapters are:

The relationships and Ethnic minorities
The Kurds; the dreams of a country
The Sharkas; between assimilation and identity
The Turkumans; a minority brandished by the political winds
The Armenians; survival despite the massacre
The Assyrians; the weak political presence

In his chapter about the Assyrians the author writes:
Many vary on calling the Ashuriyeen (Assyrians), who are the most ancient peoples in the region and numerous titles are present including Athouriyeen (Atourayeh). Few refer to the Chaldeans or Nestorians, and at times al-Siryan too, as Ashuriyeen (Assyrians). All these names refer to one title Ashuriyeen (Assyrian) whose various titles were mentioned in historical and religious sources.

Later the author speaks about the Assyrian history and says:
The Assyrian Empire collapsed in 605 BC at the hands of the Medes, but the Assyrians as people survived and clung to their lands, cities and villages. They succeeded to save their language, which they still speak to this very day.

The author made the same mistake few have made in the past when discussing the Iraqi Levies. He mentioned that the Assyrian Levies were used to put down the 1920 revolution, and to fight the Kurds during Sheik Mohammad revolution against the British. This is not true since the original Iraqi Levies comprised mainly of Arabs and Kurds in those early stages.

The author later says:
There is a lack of definite statistics about the Assyrians population in the world. Estimates puts the total population to exceed two millions broken into three religious groups being the Nestorians, Chaldeans, and Siryan. The author discusses soon after the Assyrians in more recent years and he talks about the establishment of the AUA in 1968 and ZOWAA in 1979.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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