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Joseph Yacoub : En Irak, les chrétiens sont menacés d'exti.....

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Joseph Yacoub : En Irak, les chrétiens sont menacés d'extinction

Sep-20-2016 at 11:55 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Joseph Yacoub (à g.) le 20 juillet un Irakien brandit une croix et un Coran pour protester contre l'Etat islamique. © Nabil BOUTROS/CIRIC - REUTERS/Ahmed Malik

Joseph Yacoub : En Irak, les chrétiens sont menacés d'extinction
Les djihadistes veulent éradiquer une religion installée dans le pays depuis deux mille ans. Entretien.
Propos recueillis par Jérôme Cordelier
Modifié le 08/08/2014 à 10:36 - Publié le 31/07/2014 à 00:00 | Le Point

Professeur honoraire de l'université catholique de Lyon, Joseph Yacoub est le spécialiste des chrétiens d'Orient, sur lesquels il a écrit plusieurs ouvrages*. Né en Syrie, de parents iraniens, il est chaldéen et parle, comme la plupart de ses coreligionnaires, l'araméen, la langue du Christ.

Le Point : Que représentent les chrétiens en Irak ?

Joseph Yacoub : Avant l'invasion américaine d'avril 2003, qui a mis fin à la dictature impitoyable de Saddam Hussein, l'Irak comptait un peu plus d'un million de chrétiens, qui représentaient, donc, environ 6 % de la population. Depuis 2004, à partir du...

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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