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1915: March 25: Massacre at Urumiah: 200 Assyrians Burned in...

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1915: March 25: Massacre at Urumiah: 200 Assyrians Burned in Church - Orthodox Bishop Hanged - Refugees Executed

Feb-10-2012 at 06:57 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

The Lowell Sun, Lowell, Massachusetts
Page 1 - March 25, 1915.
Stars and Stripes Halt Massacre at Urumiah
— 200 Assyrians Burned In Church —
1915: March 25: Massacre at Urumiah: 200 Assyrians Burned in Church - Orthodox Bishop Hanged - Refugees Executed
by The Lowell Sun — Lowell, Massachusetts. March 25, 1915, Page 1.

STARS AND STRIPES HALT
MASSACRE AT URUMIAH
200 Assyrians Burned in Church
— Orthodox Bishop Hanged —
Refugees Executed

TIFLIS, Wednesday, March 21, via Petrograd, March 25 — Telegram and letters reaching here from Urumiah, in northwestern Turkey, describe the situation of the American Presbyterian mission stationed there as desperate. Turkish regular troops and Kurds are persecuting and massacring Assyrian Christians.

Harry P. Packard, the doctor of the missionary station at Urumiah of the board of foreign missions of the Presbyterian church, risked his life in a successful effort to prevent a frightful massacre at Georgtapa, where 3,000 Assyrians made their last stand. They had fought for three days and all their ammunition was gone. At this juncture Dr. Packard unfurled an American flag and advanced between the lines. His act resulted in the saving of all but 200 of the Assyrians who had been burned in a church.

Fifteen thousand Assyrian Christians have taken refuge under the protection of the American mission section, while 2000 are at the French mission. A dispatch received at Tiflis from Urumiah yesterday declared that 70 Turkish regular troops had entered the mission, hanged the orthodox bishop, Mar Elia, and four orthodox clergymen and beat and insulted a missionary named Allen. Shortly before the 60 refugees had been dragged from the French mission and executed in spite of the tearful pleas of the nuns.

Terrible Atrocities

At Gulpashan the Kurds were particularly cruel. This was the last of a total of 103 Assyrian villages to hold out and it was occupied a month ago. The Kurds ordered all the Assyrian males into the streets, tied them in groups of five, marched them to the graveyard and killed them barbarously to the last boy. Girl babies and older women were then executed with great atrocity while the younger women were carried away as slaves.

20,000 Dead or Missing

As a result of the war, 12,000 Assyrians are taking refuge in the Caucasus, some 17,000 are described as in imminent danger at the Urumiah mission while 20,000 are dead or missing. Furthermore much property has been destroyed.

The Assyrians fought their assailants bravely and as long as they had ammunition they were victorious.

The missionaries are untiring in their efforts to help the people and they are spending much money to better the conditions.


Assyrian History Timeline: Newspapers and Periodicals
1915: March 25: Massacre at Urumiah: 200 Assyrians Burned in Church - Orthodox Bishop Hanged - Refugees Executed
http://www.atour.com/history/periodicals/20120210a.html

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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