Shlama Akhay Myaqreh,
This post will address what is known, in Semitic prose, as Antithetic Parallelism, a fancy scholarly term which describes when a second line contrasts the terms used in the first line.
There are, in fact, four types of Parallelisms in the prose of Maran Eshoa and others found throughout the Gospels. These are:
- Antithetic - discussed in this post, when a second line contrasts the terms used in the first line
- Synonymous - where there is a correspondence in idea between 2 lines of a couplet, the 2nd line reinforcing and echoing the sense of the 1st in equivalent, though different, terms.
- Synthetic - where the thought of the 2nd line supplements and completes that of the first
- Climactic - where the second line is not a complete echo of the first, but adds something more which completes the 1st, thus forming its climax
Examples of Antithetic Parallelisms
In Matti 3:12, the words of Yukhanan Ma'amdana -
"Whose winnowing-basket is in his hand,
And he will cleanse his threshing-floor,
And gather his wheat into the granaries,
But he will burn the chaff with unquenchable fire"
In the Prologue of the Gospel of Yukhanan, verse 18 -
"No man has ever seen God,
The only-Begotten, who is in the Bosom of the Father, he has declared him"
In Yukhanan 3:27 -
"A man can receive nothing,
except it be given to him from Heaven"
In Yukhanan 1:36, we have 2 lines which form an Antithetic Parallelism, followed by a 3rd line that forms a climax to the whole verse -
"He that believes in the Son has everlasting life,
but he who does not obey the Son will not see life,
rather the wrath of God will rise up against him."
Many more examples of this can be found, and are too many to list.
I will post some examples of the other types in separate posts.