whenever a dead man would chance
upon a living one whom he used to know.
It was not the departed who died a long time ago
who came to life by the cross,
because each one was recognizing
his brother and kinsman.
For he did not raise those of former times -who
were far removed
lest the eye of flesh might
deny the testimony of truth.
From the same generation of those who used to
live in this present life,
some of them he raised to be
witnesses of his proclamation.
Hail to The Risen Conqueror
Hail to the mighty one who descended to Sheol by
that way that everyone has,
because he opened the way for
man's journey from the -household of death!
Hail to the, buried one whom death devoured but
who has not been corrupted!
Hail to the corporeal one whose
bodily structure has not decomposed!
Hail to the athlete who engaged in a contest with
the strong one!
The strong one had thought
that he had fallen; but he, in turn, overthrew him
and raised up his race!
He fell as he wanted in body and soul, as befitted
but he rose and was raised
to life and raised the body and freed the soul.
With this intent, he engaged in a contest with
the strong one,
that, by his victory, he might
free his race om bondage.
By death, the vivifier of the universe subdued
the subduer of the universe.
In that very way that he thought
that he prevailed over men, he was humbled.
By death, Adam and his sons wrote out a bond of
and through death, the Second
Adam freed Adam and his sons.
The mortal Second Adam died because of Adam;
and the son of Adam rose and
gave life to Adam and his offspring.
There died the corporeal one who was structured
with the timbers of the Spirit;
but he rose and was raised
to life by the power of the Divine Artificer Who
pulled him down and built him up.
The Presence of Angels
at Jesus' Grave
At the resurrection of his body, there rejoiced
earthly and heavenly ones;
and he gladdened those who
were sad because of his death.
The spiritual ones rejoiced because he had conquered,
by his death, insatiable
and they descended and attended
upon his body in the grave as a conqueror.
His grave was considered by the heavenly ones
to be the King's temple;
and they were chanting a hymn
of victory to the subduer of Death.
Praise they shouted forth to him while he was
ascending out of the grave:
"Blessed is he who, by his
death, has murdered death who had corrupted men!"
They were greatly saddened over his departure
from life as they would over a king;
but he clothed them with a
radiant appearance on the day of his resurrection.
In white garments he showed the heavenly ones,
to teach them about the renewal
which will come to be through him.
The vigilant ones then showed earthly beings the
of the radiant garment which
bodies will put on the day of the resurrection.
Through the comeliness of their garments, they
and in a sign of peace, they
sowed in their ears their message of redemption.
"Whom do you seek," an angel said to the women,
"the living one among the dead?
Come! See that he has risen and been raised to
life and has prevailed over death!"
The angels rolled away the rock from the mouth
of the grave by a hidden act;
and an entrance opened before
their eyes, and they entered and examined the grave.
Why indeed did the vigilant ones take away the
rock that had been sealed?
Because it was difficult for
the conqueror of death to raise up the rock?
For behold! The resurrection which was exceedingly
difficult he accomplished by
an act. Then how is it
that the rock which was easy to remove he did not raise?
His body he rescued from the mouth of death, a
But for a lowly rock he called
spiritual ones to raise it up!
It was not difficult for that command which raised
to lift up the rock before
the entrance and then let him go forth.
For the eyes of corporeal ones, they took away
so that they might see the
grave and the body's clothing and take hope.
To assure men, he opened the grave in the presence
so that they would not doubt
about his resurrection over whether or not he had risen.
That he rose is certain! And this is far more
radiant than the sun!
The spread of his preaching
testifies to this to the four quarters of the world.
And even though his resurrection is revealed to
the universe through deeds,
to the hard-hearted and blind
of soul it is not visible.
That he rose and has been raised to life - behold!
the manifestation is seen
in his majestic power which
has nullified error and loosened the bonds of mortality.
The Fulfillment of
He rose after three days, and the promise that
he spoke was not broken;
and he fulfilled the mystery
which the son of Amittai depicted in the belly of the fish.
For three days, the prophet was in the depth in
and he accomplished this mystery
in reality by being three days in the grave.
In regard to Jonah, the mystery was that he died
while not dying and he returned to life.
and here the fact is that he
truly died but was not corrupted.
The Son of Amittai ascended out of the depth of
the sea, just as he descended;
and he depicted the manifestation
of death and life and the return of the Gentiles.
With this intent the Divine Will sent Jonah
to search after the Gentiles,
that he might depict the mystery
of this that has come to be at the fulness of the ages.
Also the first-fruits for the universe died for
the sake of all,
and rose and was raised to
life and proclaimed life to the Jewish People and the Gentiles.
The Significance of
The Folded Garments
He came forth from the grave and left his garments
that he has henceforth put
off mortality and put on glory.
Two things he signified by the garments that he
left behind, acting as a wise man:
that to him they are useless
and that they will be witnesses for the faithless.
The faithlessness of the sons of Jacob was revealed
on how they would cover over
with calumny the bestowal of his new life.
By the garments which he left behind, he exposed
their treacherous intentions,
by showing how his body snatchers
neglected his garments in the grave.
In myrrh and aloes his body was embalmed and laid
carefully in the grave;
and for those carrying him
off it was easy to remove him in his garments.
If then they stole him as terror-stricken fugitives,
how is it that they took off
and folded his garments in tranquility?
Blind jealousy has blinded the calumniators;
and they have not discerned
the public witness of his bodily resurrection.
With garments of silver they wanted to cover over
his proclamation of a new life;
but he rent the garment, fashioned
from deceit, and its fabrics.
With silver they had purchased him from Judas
for the bondage of death;
and after he had risen, they
denied his resurrection with treacherous silver.
Concerning the Resurrection
But what can treacherous silver do against evident
when it is, as it were, heralded
from the mouth of inanimate beings?
Rocks and graves and the Temple veil cried out
to rational beings,
"Arise, slumberers, and receive
the hope of life for the dead"!
And if inanimate and mute " beings have shouted
of no avail then is the
treacherous silver 'and it is not to be believed!
Rational and dumb beings became his witnesses
to the faithless,
and they have subscribed to
the testament concerning his death and his life.
As a skillful scribe, the powerful Spirit sealed
and demonstrated this by the
veil which He rent in two.
He showed that He had left the Temple of Sacrificial
Atonement for the Jewish People
and that He no longer takes
pleasure in the blood of heifers for the reconciliation of men.
The veil revealed His rebuke for the insolent,
in that, if an inanimate being
was struck and rent, how much more will He do this to
Man's moral discernment was deserving of wrathful
but He raised a rod and struck
a garment instead of the mind.
He put back the sword of condemnation out of mercy
and raised His hand to bring
down His rod; but His love restrained Him.
He did not demand from them satisfaction for his
death, as though they were guilty,
because it did not befit the
vivifier of men to destroy men.
and Raised to Life
"For the life of men," he said "I have come --
not for destruction!"
And he confirmed his words
He died for the sake of all and gave life to the
universe, as he had promised.
He fulfilled and accomplished
the salvific act required for all.
The Second Adam died in his nature as befitted
and crucified with him mortality
and gave it life by his life.
He gave over the edifice of his body's temple;
and the evil ones pulled it down.
But the Word of the Father
restored and built it according to His promise.
He descended according to his nature that begets
passions and dwelt in Sheol
and brought up with him a catch
of men to a new life.
He broke through the wall which death had built
before the dead,
and opened a way for mortality
Jesus' Victory Speech
He raised his voice as a captain before his soldiers:
"Rise and take courage! I have
conquered death and the evil one!
I engaged in a hidden contest in my visible body
and conquered the strong one
in this trial of strength and plundered his wealth.
A just law suit I entered against him before the
and then condemned him because
our race was unjustly captive to him.
The bond of Adam's iniquity he brought forth and
showed in accordance with the laws
but one that had not been sealed
with the signature of reliable witnesses.
And then there was revealed the lie that was hidden
in his words.
The King Himself rebuked him
and gave the order to cast him into exile.
And now therefore that I have conquered and the
strong one, the enemy of our
race, has succumbed,
I make my companions also share
in the greatness of my victory.
The power of immortal life the Spirit gave me;
and with it I will arm passibility
Behold! Spiritual armor is forged for carnal beings.
Put it on, O mortals, and battle
and conquer spiritually!
Under a sentence of death you were condemned and
given as hostages.
Come! Receive gratis the bond
containing your debts and acquire life!
By my own death , I have crushed death who corrupted
And through my victory, there
has been condemned and exposed the ruler of the air."
Hail to the victory of that one who, when he was
conquered, conquered the tyrant!
Hail to the fall of the corporeal
one who fell and raised up mankind!
There fell the mortal one, the temple of flesh
whom the Spirit built;
but the good pleasure of the
King Who was dwelling in him has renewed and
built him up.
Narsai the Nestorian
Rejects His Adversaries' Position
Who is the one who fell under death,O lovers of
and who is the one who paid
the debtors' bond and freed them?
Whose death is it who died in his nature and has
Whose resurrection is it whose
heralds were also inanimate beings?
Reveal to us the goal of your intentions, so that
we may take aim against it!
Why do you want to call the
dead one, 'the one who has conquered death'?
To which nature befit the Passion and also victory?
Reveal and signify to us as
searchers after truths!
If the Word, the Offspring of the Father, has
suffered in His Nature,
then our nature did not suffer-with
Him in the death of His Being!
If our lowly nature has not died and also been
raised to life,
O then false and vain is the
hope of life for the dead!
If an impassible Nature death was devouring,
how then did It suffer? In
Its own Nature or in our nature?
If according to Its own Nature It experienced
death, this is impious!
Did all of It then suffer or
did It in part suffer and was tried?
Behold! There is nothing Impassible- or passib!e,
which partly suffers and partly
If the Only Begotten fell according to His Nature
then He would interrupt the
perpetuity belonging to name of His Divine Essence.
And if He fell according to your discourse,
not according to ours -
who would raise Him from His
fall and give Him life?
That this 'Fallen One' should raise Himself, this
And that another should raise
Him, then He is in need and also deficient!
And if the Spirit and the power of the Father
righted His fall,
behold, it is apparent that
He is far inferior to the Divine Essence!
And if He is less than the Divine Essence - it
is not I who have said this! -
why do you find fault with
Arius as alien to the faith?
For this reason the Church has expelled him out
of its doors,
that he diminishes the Son
and makes him inferior to His Begetter.
And if in this way this is iniquitous to speak
in this way,
weave a crown for the blasphemer
because he has expounded well!
"You," I say, "do this!" We cannot!
There is a great chasm between
us and you, and it is unbridgeable!
We do not give over to the heretics a rent garment
and we do not pour new wine
into wineskins of error!
We do not give our pure, holy faith
to dumb dogs who do not perceive
the power of the hidden Divinity!
We do not cast the pearls of our soul's confession
before minds that are animal-like
lovers of dung!
We do not travel along a trackless way with the
and we do not go forth on a
false path of passibility!
We do not abase the One exalted above the universe
and we do not kill that vitality
which gives life!
It is the lowly nature of man that fell in Sheol
it is a son of mortals who
died according to his nature for the abolition of death!
Death had struck the earthen vessel, formed out
which the Fashioner of the
universe has refashioned.in a spiritual way.
He is the one who dwelt three days with those
and he was raised to life on
the third day and has raised his race to life.
He is the one who descended to the lowly things
of earthly beings,
and he is the one who has ascended
above the universe to raise up the universe.
Into his bodily structure, the insolent thrust
nails and a spear;
and by his renewal, he has
cancelled the bond incurred because of its bodily passions.
He descended unto the lion's den, clad in the
armor of the Spirit,
and snatched the prey of Adam's
body which was torn to pieces.
He cried out in Sheol as a strong man; and its
and he smashed its gates and
broke its bars and plundered it and went forth.
The Angels Proclaim
The gates raised up their veil as he was going
and the spiritual ones were
singing praise to the power that brought him his victory.
Heaven and earth became his spokemen to the faithless.
"They have rejected life"!
the deceased cried out and dumb beings have confirmed this.
The multitudes on high descended to honor the
and celebrated his death and
proclaimed his life to his companions.
The hope of life the vigilant ones brought to
the household of mortals:
"Arise and take courage, 0
earthly ones, in the abolition of death!
Cry out and say to the corrupter of your limbs:
'Where is your sting, O serpent
who killed us in the eating of the fruit?'
Repeat this and mock him, as you laugh at his
What will you do because life
has cut down the tree of death?"
Like Samson, they spoke with him in riddles,
saying : "The body which you
had devoured has become a source that begets life.
From within the eater there came forth to him
and from our dust that begets
passions has emanated a sweetness."
A Concluding Exhortation
Let there rejoice with us heaven and earth, rational
and dumb beings,
because the sacrifice of our
body has reconciled the Lord with His creatures!
One first fruit our race has offered to the Divinity;
and He has given us, through
him, a sign of peace and the renewal of the universe.
With us let earthly and heavenly beings confess
"Blessed be He Who in our body
has shown His love for those whom He has fashioned."