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Christmas celebrations set for Eastern Orthodox in Bethlehem

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Christmas celebrations set for Eastern Orthodox in Bethlehem

Jan-07-2014 at 08:11 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Last edited on 01/07/2014 at 08:19 PM (UTC3 Nineveh, Assyria)
 
Inside the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.
Christmas celebrations set for Eastern Orthodox in Bethlehem
by Jewish News Service, January 6, 2014.

JNS.org – The heads of several ancient Eastern Orthodox Churches arrived in Bethlehem on Monday to celebrate the Orthodox Christmas.

Patriarchs from the Greek Orthodox, Assyrian, Coptic, and Ethiopian churches arrived separately in various celebrated processions to Bethlehem’s Church of the Nativity, the traditional birthplace of Jesus.

Unlike Christians in the West who follow the Gregorian calendar and celebrate Christmas on Dec. 25, Eastern Orthodox Christians use the older Julian calendar and celebrate Christmas on Jan. 7.

The Christmas celebrations come amid tremendous upheaval for many Middle East Christians— especially Christians in Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq—who have come under attack from Islamic extremists.

Roughly half of the Christians in Israel belong to the Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, which is part of the 16 churches that comprise the Eastern Orthodox Church.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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