WikiLeaks: 2003-06-01: 03KUWAIT2377: DART Northern Iraq Update
Viewing cable 03KUWAIT2377, DART NORTHERN IRAQ UPDATE
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UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 KUWAIT 002377 SIPDIS STATE ALSO PASS USAID/W STATE PLEASE REPEAT TO IO COLLECTIVE STATE FOR PRM/ANE, EUR/SE, NEA/NGA, IO AND SA/PAB NSC FOR EABRAMS, SMCCORMICK, STAHIR-KHELI, JDWORKEN USAID FOR USAID/A, DCHA/AA, DCHA/RMT, DCHA/FFP USAID FOR DCHA/OTI, DCHA/DG, ANE/AA USAID FOR DCHA/OFDA:WGARVELINK, BMCCONNELL, KFARNSWORTH USAID FOR ANE/AA:WCHAMBERLIN ROME FOR FODAG GENEVA FOR RMA AND NKYLOH ANKARA FOR AMB WRPEARSON, ECON AJSIROTIC AND DART AMMAN FOR USAID AND DART E.O. 12958: N/A TAGS: EAID PREF IZ WFP SUBJECT: DART NORTHERN IRAQ UPDATE ------- SUMMARY ------- ¶1. In Kirkuk, the 30-member city council was chosen by Coalition authorities on 24 May. Each of the main ethnic groups (Kurds, Turkmen, Assyrians, and Arabs) is represented on the council, which has also elected three assistant mayors: an ethnic Turk, an Assyrian, and a Kurd. A mayor and deputy mayor were chosen on May 28. The mayor is a Kurd, and the deputy mayor is an Arab. ¶2. ORHA reported that the USD 20 emergency payments were ready and would be distributed immediately following the elections. The security situation in northern Iraq is currently calm; however, the attack on a U.S. Military convoy about 100 kilometers north of Baghdad is still an indicator that not all is well. End Summary. ------------------------------------------ MINISTRY OF RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT ------------------------------------------ ¶3. The Ministry of Reconstruction and Development (MORAD) hosted on 24 May its weekly coordination meeting, at which the United Nations Office of Project Services (UNOPS) presented the results of a recent survey of internally displaced persons (IDPs) living in public buildings. In an exercise that ended in early May, UNOPS surveyed 13,359 IDP families living in 300 public buildings in the three northern Governorates of Dahuk, Arbil, and As Sulaymaniyah. ¶3. According to a 2001 U.N.-HABITAT Site and Family Survey, there are 805,505 IDPs living in the Kurdish-controlled region of Iraq. Three quarters of these people were displaced prior to 1990, either as a result of the former regime's "Arabization" program or the al Anfal campaign. Almost half of the IDPs are from former Government of Iraq-controlled areas, most from the cities of Kirkuk and Mosul. ¶4. The full results of the survey can be found on the Humanitarian Information Center's website at agoodplacetostart.org. Some selective results presented in the MORAD meeting were: -- Timetable: 61 percent of the respondents in As Sulaymaniyah and 52 percent of the respondents in Arbil said they would like to return to their place of origin within three months. However, 64 percent of the respondents in Dahuk did not provide a timeframe for return. Apparently this is because the majority of IDPs in Dahuk are from areas bordering Turkey that are lesser- developed and still unstable because of activities by the Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) and the Turkish military. -- Conditions for return: 66 percent of those surveyed said the most important condition for return is shelter. After shelter, respondents cited security (12 percent), employment (9 percent), and legal claims (4 percent). Only 0.3 percent cited food as a condition. -- Where to go: 69 percent of the respondents want to return to their place of origin. 19 percent want to be resettled where they currently live, and 12 percent want to go to a third location. -------------------- FOOD AND AGRICULTURE -------------------- ¶5. A DART food officer traveled to Kirkuk on 26 May and met with WFP and Ministry of Trade (MOT) staff. Following insecurity in Kirkuk and recent looting of MOT stocks, newly arrived Coalition forces are now guarding WFP's warehouse and its perimeter. WFP believes this will deter potential looters. According to MOT silo staff in Kirkuk, Coalition forces also have agreed to secure other MOT complexes, although this has not yet happened. ¶6. As previously reported, beginning 27 May, WFP Mosul and Kirkuk will begin receiving up to 115,000 metric tons (MT) of bulk wheat grain over the next two weeks. WFP will store the grain at MOT silos in the two Governorates. An initial shipment of 30,000 MT will go to Mosul. The DART will monitor the shipments. ¶7. WFP recently signed an agreement with the MOT to store 50,000 MT of wheat in open bins at its Kirkuk silo. There is currently 60,000 MT of last year's wheat harvest in other bins there and, reportedly, a total of 140,000 MT in the Governorate's four silos. The wheat currently stored in Kirkuk appears to be in good condition. MOT staff were awaiting instructions from Baghdad on how milling will be done; previously the mix had been 25 percent local wheat and 75 percent Oil for Food imported wheat. ¶8. The MOT silo manager stated that he needs 35 million Iraqi Dinar (ID) a month to pay staff salaries at all four silos (based on pre-war rates). On 25 May, he used seven million ID from the MOT Kirkuk silo bank account (the balance was 16 million ID) to pay a 20 percent salary to all silo employees. The manager noted that neither the USD 20 emergency payment nor a formal salary from the Coalition Provisional Administration had yet been made to his staff. --------------------------------------------- --------- DART-FUNDED NGO ACTIVITIES IN NORTHERN IRAQ --------------------------------------------- --------- ¶9. Three implementation plans were approved on 26 May, and one was approved on May 29. Mercy Corps International (MCI) will repair water and sewage systems at schools in Khaniqeen and Save the Children will provide essential drugs and supplies to two obstetric/gynecology and pediatric hospitals in Mosul. Also, World Vision International will supply IV fluids to medical centers in Mosul. Details of cooperative agreement partner activities follow. International Medical Corps: -- Kirkuk Medical Centers: USD 376,000 to re-equip and renovate four health centers in Kirkuk that were looted following the war. Approved 14 May. -- Four World Health Organization (WHO) emergency health kits to four Kirkuk medical centers. Approved 14 May. Mercy Corps International: -- Short-term Assistance to the Directorate of Water and Sewerage in Kirkuk, Tamim Governorate: USD 8,375 to assist the Directorate with transportation for staff and testing equipment. Approved 18 April. -- Short-term Emergency Assistance to the Water Treatment Plant in Khaniqeen, Diyala Governorate: USD 33,700 for short-term maintenance requirements and fuel to run the treatment plant. Approved 12 May. -- Two WHO emergency health kits for health facilities in Tekef and Ain Sifni, Ninawa Governorate. Approved 18 April. -- Khaniqeen Schools Toilets: USD 145,548 to repair water and sanitation systems in 50 schools in Khaniqeen. Approved 26 May. Save the Children: -- Transportation for Health Workers in Mosul, Ninawa Governorate: USD 1,800 to transport health worker to and from hospitals and primary health care centers for one month. Approved 6 May. -- Provision of Supplies to Hospitals in Mosul, Ninawa Governorate: USD 2,000 is being provided to pay for gasoline, cooking gas, cleaning supplies and emergency repairs at Al Khansa and Al Atheer hospitals. Approved 12 May. -- Support for supplementary feeding programs at Khansa and Al Atheer hospitals in Mosul, Ninawa Governorate: USD 11,446 is being provided for this program. Approved 7 May. -- Essential pediatric drugs and supplies for Al Khansa and Al Atheer hospitals in Mosul: USD 17,264 has been provided for this project. Approved 26 May. -- Essential obstetric and gynecology drugs and supplies for Al Khansa and Al Atheer hospitals in Mosul: USD 7,718 has been provided for this project. Approved 26 May. -- Two WHO emergency health kits are being provided for Al Khansa and Al Atheer hospitals in Mosul. Approved 26 May. World Vision International: -- IV fluids to 13 medical facilities in Mosul. USD 168,929 has been provided for this project. Approved May 29. URBANCIC