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WikiLeaks: 2007-12-30: 07BAGHDAD4204: PRT Kirkuk: 13-Point Agreement Ends Arab Boycott of Provincial Council

by WikiLeaks. 07BAGHDAD4204: December 30, 2007.

Posted: Tuesday, October 30, 2012 at 08:42 PM UT


Viewing cable 07BAGHDAD4204, PRT KIRKUK: 13-POINT AGREEMENT ENDS ARAB BOYCOTT

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07BAGHDAD4204 2007-12-30 06:57 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Baghdad
VZCZCXRO1822
RR RUEHBC RUEHDE RUEHIHL RUEHKUK
DE RUEHGB #4204/01 3640657
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
R 300657Z DEC 07
FM AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5034
INFO RUCNRAQ/IRAQ COLLECTIVE
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RHMFISS/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 BAGHDAD 004204 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/29/2017 
TAGS: PGOV PBTS PREL KDEM PHUM MARR IZ
SUBJECT: PRT KIRKUK: 13-POINT AGREEMENT ENDS ARAB BOYCOTT 
OF PROVINCIAL COUNCIL 
 
Classified By: Acting PolCouns Rob Waller for reasons 1.4 (b,d). 
 
1.  (SBU) Summary: The Kirkuk Brotherhood List (KBL) and the 
Arab Bloc of the Kirkuk Provincial Council (PC) on 2 
December agreed on a resolution ending the Arab bloc,s year 
long boycott.  The thirteen-point agreement was the 
result of a PRT initiative to bring the blocs together during 
countless meetings over the past six months.  While most of 
the thirteen points are vague and have yet to be implemented, 
the Arab bloc members resumed their seats at the Kirkuk 
Provincial Council on 4 December.  PRT will provide regular 
updates on implementation the 13 points.  Ongoing discussions 
between the KBL and the Arab blocs leave room for 
modification of the points during future discussions with the 
Turcoman bloc focused on ending their boycott.  End summary. 
 
2.  (C) PC members representing the Kirkuk Brotherhood List 
(KBL) and the Arab bloc, formally known as the Iraqi 
Republican Gathering (IRG), signed a thirteen-point agreement 
on 2 December to end the year long Arab bloc boycott of the 
PC.  The PC ratified the agreement on 11 December.  Efforts 
by both the KBL and Arab blocs to end the Turcoman Bloc 
boycott of the PC may lead to modifications to certain points 
of the agreement, provided that all parties - the KBL, the 
Arab bloc, and the Turcoman bloc - agree. We list each of the 
thirteen points below. 
 
a. Resolution Point 1 Text. "The IRG will fill the positions 
of Deputy Governor and Deputy City Council 
Chairman, provided that the IRG identifies their candidate 
for Deputy Governor within two weeks from the agreement 
signing date, in conformity with rules and regulations stated 
in the Constitution." 
 
This point directly allocates two key positions to the Arab 
community.  Discussions among Arab political and tribal 
leaders are currently centered on identifying nominees for 
Deputy Governor.  Key members on both sides including the PC 
Chairman agreed the two-week deadline was flexible.  The 
position of a Deputy Chairman for the Kirkuk City Council to 
be constituted under point 9 below will also go to a member 
of the Arab community.  Since point 9 requires the 
participation of the Turcoman bloc for any vote, nominating a 
Deputy City Council Chairman is less urgent than a Deputy 
Governor.  During boycott negotiations, both the KBL and the 
Arab bloc agreed to leave the position of City Council 
Chairman open for the Turcoman bloc. 
 
b. Resolution Point 2 Text.  "It was agreed on the proposal 
related to joint governance Directors General 
(DGs), Directors, Head of Sections, Staffs, and workers) at 
32% for each of the main ethnicities (Kurds, Arabs, 
Turcomen) and 4% for Chaldo/Assyrians, Armenians and Sabeans 
(subject to approval by the PC).  A delegation 
shall be formed from the PC and Kirkuk Government to submit 
the issue to the Cabinet in order to take necessary 
executive actions. The implementation shall be step by step." 
 
This point requires the eventual division of all government 
offices among the various ethnicities subject to approval 
from Baghdad.  Members of both blocs understood at the 
various meetings that this point would not involve the 
dismissal of current staffing but would rather seek to attain 
the percentages mentioned through future hires.  Of all the 
points in the agreement, point 2 will take the longest to 
fully implement.  It is also likely to become 
the most contentious point as blocs vie for the more 
important DG positions.  Kurds currently occupy less than 15% 
of these jobs so that what looks generous is really a way for 
Kurds to increase their employment numbers. 
 
c. Resolution Point 3 Text.  "The PC shall form a joint 
permanent high committee to follow up on procedures as well 
as technical and administrative mechanisms. The decisions 
taken by the Committee are compulsory and the PC lists must 
approve them." 
 
This point is directly related to Point 2.  No details are 
available on this point or on who will form the committee. 
 
d. Resolution Point 4 Text.  "Finalize the detainee issue in 
a legal way; transfer detainee cases to Kirkuk courts.  The 
released persons must be handed over strictly to the 
Detainees and Missing People Committee in the PC.  A 
delegation must be formed from PC to visit detainees in 
custody of Sulaymaniyah and Erbil prisons." 
 
This is the Arab community,s most important demand.  The 
 
BAGHDAD 00004204  002 OF 003 
 
 
Arab bloc,s talking points have prioritized detainees for 
over a year, specifically affording them due process and 
tracking the location and treatment of all detainees.  A 
working group meets on a monthly basis to discuss the 
detainee issue. 
 
e. Resolution Point 5 Text.  "Form a national security 
department from all Kirkuk ethnic identities according to 
an agreed percentage. The non-official security forces in 
Kirkuk must return to areas where they came from." 
 
This point calls for the formation of a provincial 
intelligence and security apparatus to replace Asayish - the 
Kurdish intelligence service - currently operating 
unofficially in the province.  Members of the provincial 
organization would be seconded by other existing security 
organizations.  Members of the Arab bloc would like to see 
this entity also serve an internal affairs function for Iraqi 
Police and Army units in the province. 
 
f. Resolution Point 6 Text.  "Stop trespassing on private and 
public properties. Activate decisions taken by the PC and 
cabinet on the issue. Form a high joint commission from the 
PC and Kirkuk Government and assign forces and 
executive powers, taking into account the humanitarian and 
legal aspect of the issue." 
 
The GoI established the Commission for the Resolution of Real 
Property Claims (CRRPD) as an independent GoI agency 
answering directly to the Council of Ministers. However, in 
more than a year, only 5 percent of all land disputes and 
claims have been adjudicated.  While most of those affected 
in Kirkuk province are Turcomen, the Arab bloc is 
sending a clear signal to the KBL that the pattern of Kurds 
arriving and squatting on lands needs to stop. 
 
g. Resolution Point 7 Text.  "Joint supervision of all 
commissions and project administrations related to 
provincial development and the budget." 
 
A Projects Committee currently exists and reports directly to 
the PC, but the committee,s top members are all 
KBL-affiliated.  The intent of this point is to call for a 
more transparent and equal distribution of projects. 
 
h. Resolution Point 8 Text.  "Stop random and non-official 
detentions by non-official groups." 
 
This point is related to points 4 and 5 and implicitly 
singles out Asayish detentions. 
 
i. Resolution Point 9 Text.  "Form a Kirkuk City Council of 
21 members to be distributed as follows: (6 Kurds, 6 Arabs, 6 
Turcomen) and three additional members (1 Chaldo-Assyrian, 1 
Sabean, 1 Armenian).  The members must be nominated by the 
group they represent and in coordination with the PC Public 
Relations Committee.  A vote in the City Council requires a 
quorum of 75%, provided at least four members from each large 
group are present.  No vote will be called if one group is 
absent, even if the quorum is reached." 
 
Currently there is no Kirkuk City Council and the PC has been 
fulfilling its role in addition to handling provincial 
affairs.  This point establishes an ethnically inclusive City 
Council, although it limits the Council,s ability to cast a 
vote until the Turcomen end their boycott.  The PC possibly 
could proceed to nominate Kurdish and Arab City Council 
members, train them on responsibilities, and raise issues for 
PC action, although the City Council itself could not vote on 
them. 
 
j. Resolution Point 10 Text. "Form a high commission with two 
members from each list participating in the agreement to 
discuss problems that may obstruct the political process and 
to find compromise solutions; provided that the head of the 
PRT participates in follow-up agreement implementation." 
 
This point requires an executive committee to oversee the 
overall implementation of the 13 points.  This committee 
potentially could oversee the other committees and working 
groups formed under this agreement. 
 
k. Resolution Point 11 Text.  "This agreement shall be 
disseminated by media. The return of IRG to PC meetings 
shall start on the agreement,s signing date." 
 
A joint press conference occurred immediately following the 
signing of the agreement on 2 December. 
 
BAGHDAD 00004204  003 OF 003 
 
 
 
l. Resolution Point 12 Text. "An exceptional weekly meeting 
shall be held to follow up on the proper implementation of 
this agreement during a period not surpassing 1 February 
2008." 
 
While this point technically requires the implementation of 
the 13 points of the agreement, PRT members, discussions 
with key representatives of each bloc indicate some 
flexibility here.  The parties envisioned simply that some 
action must be taken on each point by 1 February. 
 
m. Resolution Point 13 Text.  "The Deputy Governor is 
considered to remain in his position if the IRG continues 
working with the PC and its committees; and he is considered 
to be boycotting if his list has boycotted or 
withdrawn from the PC. The IRG is entitled to replace him 
anytime it wants." 
 
This point ensures the Arab bloc retains some control over an 
appointed Arab Deputy Governor.  If the Arab bloc 
decides to boycott the PC in the future, the Deputy Governor 
will do likewise. 
 
3.  The agreement was signed by representatives of the two 
blocs on 2 December as follows. 
 
a. Representing the KBL. Mohammad Kamal; Rebwar Faiq; Ahmad 
Abdullah; Awad Mohammad; Jamal Mawlood; Erfan Jamal; 
Silvana Boya; Rizgar Ali. 
 
b. Representing the IRG-Arab bloc. Rakan Saeed Ali; Mohammad 
Khedher Ghareb; Ramla Hameed; Abdullah Sami; 
Mohammad Khalil.  (Note: Rakan was authorized to sign on 
behalf of Abdullah Sami and Mohammad Khalil.) 
 
------- 
COMMENT 
------- 
 
4.  (C) The relationship between the Arab and Turcoman blocs 
shifted during negotiations.  Shortly after the PRT 
commenced its efforts, the Turcomen approached the PRT 
requesting that only one Deputy Governor be seated and that 
he be a Turcoman.  The suggestion was probably an attempt by 
the Turcomen to prevent the Arab bloc from reaching an 
agreement with the Kurds, a goal that the Turcomen doggedly 
pursued throughout the six months of talks.  The PRT 
initially proposed seating two Deputy Governors (one Arab and 
one Turcoman); in the end, the Arab bloc used the Turcoman 
bloc tactic and reached agreement with the Kurds on one Arab 
Deputy Governor.  Ongoing discussions between the KBL and the 
Arab bloc leave room for modifying the points during future 
discussions on the Turcoman PC 
boycott.  Efforts to end the Turcoman boycott will be the 
subject of a separate PRT cable. 
CROCKER

 



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