Viewing cable 07BAGHDAD4204, PRT KIRKUK: 13-POINT AGREEMENT ENDS ARAB BOYCOTT
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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 BAGHDAD 004204
E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/29/2017
TAGS: PGOV PBTS PREL KDEM PHUM MARR IZ
SUBJECT: PRT KIRKUK: 13-POINT AGREEMENT ENDS ARAB BOYCOTT
OF PROVINCIAL COUNCIL
Classified By: Acting PolCouns Rob Waller for reasons 1.4 (b,d).
¶1. (SBU) Summary: The Kirkuk Brotherhood List (KBL) and the
Arab Bloc of the Kirkuk Provincial Council (PC) on 2
December agreed on a resolution ending the Arab bloc,s year
long boycott. The thirteen-point agreement was the
result of a PRT initiative to bring the blocs together during
countless meetings over the past six months. While most of
the thirteen points are vague and have yet to be implemented,
the Arab bloc members resumed their seats at the Kirkuk
Provincial Council on 4 December. PRT will provide regular
updates on implementation the 13 points. Ongoing discussions
between the KBL and the Arab blocs leave room for
modification of the points during future discussions with the
Turcoman bloc focused on ending their boycott. End summary.
¶2. (C) PC members representing the Kirkuk Brotherhood List
(KBL) and the Arab bloc, formally known as the Iraqi
Republican Gathering (IRG), signed a thirteen-point agreement
on 2 December to end the year long Arab bloc boycott of the
PC. The PC ratified the agreement on 11 December. Efforts
by both the KBL and Arab blocs to end the Turcoman Bloc
boycott of the PC may lead to modifications to certain points
of the agreement, provided that all parties - the KBL, the
Arab bloc, and the Turcoman bloc - agree. We list each of the
thirteen points below.
a. Resolution Point 1 Text. "The IRG will fill the positions
of Deputy Governor and Deputy City Council
Chairman, provided that the IRG identifies their candidate
for Deputy Governor within two weeks from the agreement
signing date, in conformity with rules and regulations stated
in the Constitution."
This point directly allocates two key positions to the Arab
community. Discussions among Arab political and tribal
leaders are currently centered on identifying nominees for
Deputy Governor. Key members on both sides including the PC
Chairman agreed the two-week deadline was flexible. The
position of a Deputy Chairman for the Kirkuk City Council to
be constituted under point 9 below will also go to a member
of the Arab community. Since point 9 requires the
participation of the Turcoman bloc for any vote, nominating a
Deputy City Council Chairman is less urgent than a Deputy
Governor. During boycott negotiations, both the KBL and the
Arab bloc agreed to leave the position of City Council
Chairman open for the Turcoman bloc.
b. Resolution Point 2 Text. "It was agreed on the proposal
related to joint governance Directors General
(DGs), Directors, Head of Sections, Staffs, and workers) at
32% for each of the main ethnicities (Kurds, Arabs,
Turcomen) and 4% for Chaldo/Assyrians, Armenians and Sabeans
(subject to approval by the PC). A delegation
shall be formed from the PC and Kirkuk Government to submit
the issue to the Cabinet in order to take necessary
executive actions. The implementation shall be step by step."
This point requires the eventual division of all government
offices among the various ethnicities subject to approval
from Baghdad. Members of both blocs understood at the
various meetings that this point would not involve the
dismissal of current staffing but would rather seek to attain
the percentages mentioned through future hires. Of all the
points in the agreement, point 2 will take the longest to
fully implement. It is also likely to become
the most contentious point as blocs vie for the more
important DG positions. Kurds currently occupy less than 15%
of these jobs so that what looks generous is really a way for
Kurds to increase their employment numbers.
c. Resolution Point 3 Text. "The PC shall form a joint
permanent high committee to follow up on procedures as well
as technical and administrative mechanisms. The decisions
taken by the Committee are compulsory and the PC lists must
This point is directly related to Point 2. No details are
available on this point or on who will form the committee.
d. Resolution Point 4 Text. "Finalize the detainee issue in
a legal way; transfer detainee cases to Kirkuk courts. The
released persons must be handed over strictly to the
Detainees and Missing People Committee in the PC. A
delegation must be formed from PC to visit detainees in
custody of Sulaymaniyah and Erbil prisons."
This is the Arab community,s most important demand. The
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Arab bloc,s talking points have prioritized detainees for
over a year, specifically affording them due process and
tracking the location and treatment of all detainees. A
working group meets on a monthly basis to discuss the
e. Resolution Point 5 Text. "Form a national security
department from all Kirkuk ethnic identities according to
an agreed percentage. The non-official security forces in
Kirkuk must return to areas where they came from."
This point calls for the formation of a provincial
intelligence and security apparatus to replace Asayish - the
Kurdish intelligence service - currently operating
unofficially in the province. Members of the provincial
organization would be seconded by other existing security
organizations. Members of the Arab bloc would like to see
this entity also serve an internal affairs function for Iraqi
Police and Army units in the province.
f. Resolution Point 6 Text. "Stop trespassing on private and
public properties. Activate decisions taken by the PC and
cabinet on the issue. Form a high joint commission from the
PC and Kirkuk Government and assign forces and
executive powers, taking into account the humanitarian and
legal aspect of the issue."
The GoI established the Commission for the Resolution of Real
Property Claims (CRRPD) as an independent GoI agency
answering directly to the Council of Ministers. However, in
more than a year, only 5 percent of all land disputes and
claims have been adjudicated. While most of those affected
in Kirkuk province are Turcomen, the Arab bloc is
sending a clear signal to the KBL that the pattern of Kurds
arriving and squatting on lands needs to stop.
g. Resolution Point 7 Text. "Joint supervision of all
commissions and project administrations related to
provincial development and the budget."
A Projects Committee currently exists and reports directly to
the PC, but the committee,s top members are all
KBL-affiliated. The intent of this point is to call for a
more transparent and equal distribution of projects.
h. Resolution Point 8 Text. "Stop random and non-official
detentions by non-official groups."
This point is related to points 4 and 5 and implicitly
singles out Asayish detentions.
i. Resolution Point 9 Text. "Form a Kirkuk City Council of
21 members to be distributed as follows: (6 Kurds, 6 Arabs, 6
Turcomen) and three additional members (1 Chaldo-Assyrian, 1
Sabean, 1 Armenian). The members must be nominated by the
group they represent and in coordination with the PC Public
Relations Committee. A vote in the City Council requires a
quorum of 75%, provided at least four members from each large
group are present. No vote will be called if one group is
absent, even if the quorum is reached."
Currently there is no Kirkuk City Council and the PC has been
fulfilling its role in addition to handling provincial
affairs. This point establishes an ethnically inclusive City
Council, although it limits the Council,s ability to cast a
vote until the Turcomen end their boycott. The PC possibly
could proceed to nominate Kurdish and Arab City Council
members, train them on responsibilities, and raise issues for
PC action, although the City Council itself could not vote on
j. Resolution Point 10 Text. "Form a high commission with two
members from each list participating in the agreement to
discuss problems that may obstruct the political process and
to find compromise solutions; provided that the head of the
PRT participates in follow-up agreement implementation."
This point requires an executive committee to oversee the
overall implementation of the 13 points. This committee
potentially could oversee the other committees and working
groups formed under this agreement.
k. Resolution Point 11 Text. "This agreement shall be
disseminated by media. The return of IRG to PC meetings
shall start on the agreement,s signing date."
A joint press conference occurred immediately following the
signing of the agreement on 2 December.
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l. Resolution Point 12 Text. "An exceptional weekly meeting
shall be held to follow up on the proper implementation of
this agreement during a period not surpassing 1 February
While this point technically requires the implementation of
the 13 points of the agreement, PRT members, discussions
with key representatives of each bloc indicate some
flexibility here. The parties envisioned simply that some
action must be taken on each point by 1 February.
m. Resolution Point 13 Text. "The Deputy Governor is
considered to remain in his position if the IRG continues
working with the PC and its committees; and he is considered
to be boycotting if his list has boycotted or
withdrawn from the PC. The IRG is entitled to replace him
anytime it wants."
This point ensures the Arab bloc retains some control over an
appointed Arab Deputy Governor. If the Arab bloc
decides to boycott the PC in the future, the Deputy Governor
will do likewise.
¶3. The agreement was signed by representatives of the two
blocs on 2 December as follows.
a. Representing the KBL. Mohammad Kamal; Rebwar Faiq; Ahmad
Abdullah; Awad Mohammad; Jamal Mawlood; Erfan Jamal;
Silvana Boya; Rizgar Ali.
b. Representing the IRG-Arab bloc. Rakan Saeed Ali; Mohammad
Khedher Ghareb; Ramla Hameed; Abdullah Sami;
Mohammad Khalil. (Note: Rakan was authorized to sign on
behalf of Abdullah Sami and Mohammad Khalil.)
¶4. (C) The relationship between the Arab and Turcoman blocs
shifted during negotiations. Shortly after the PRT
commenced its efforts, the Turcomen approached the PRT
requesting that only one Deputy Governor be seated and that
he be a Turcoman. The suggestion was probably an attempt by
the Turcomen to prevent the Arab bloc from reaching an
agreement with the Kurds, a goal that the Turcomen doggedly
pursued throughout the six months of talks. The PRT
initially proposed seating two Deputy Governors (one Arab and
one Turcoman); in the end, the Arab bloc used the Turcoman
bloc tactic and reached agreement with the Kurds on one Arab
Deputy Governor. Ongoing discussions between the KBL and the
Arab bloc leave room for modifying the points during future
discussions on the Turcoman PC
boycott. Efforts to end the Turcoman boycott will be the
subject of a separate PRT cable.