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WikiLeaks: 2008-01-11: 08BAGHDAD79: Venice Communique Text on Article 140

by WikiLeaks. 08BAGHDAD79: January 11, 2008.

Posted: Tuesday, October 30, 2012 at 08:47 PM UT


Viewing cable 08BAGHDAD79, VENICE COMMUNIQUE TEXT ON ARTICLE 140

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08BAGHDAD79 2008-01-11 13:31 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Baghdad
VZCZCXRO9850
RR RUEHBC RUEHDA RUEHDE RUEHIHL RUEHKUK
DE RUEHGB #0079/01 0111331
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 111331Z JAN 08
FM AMEMBASSY BAGHDAD
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5174
INFO RUCNRAQ/IRAQ COLLECTIVE
RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME 0113
UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 BAGHDAD 000079 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL IZ
SUBJECT: VENICE COMMUNIQUE TEXT ON ARTICLE 140 
 
1.  During a January 9 meeting with Ambassador Crocker, 
Italian Ambassador to Iraq Maurizio Melani mentioned a 
December 18-22 conference in Venice focused on Article 140. 
He noted that the conference included participation by 
members of the Iraqi Council of Representatives and Kurdish 
National Assembly, and passed the conference's final 
communique to the Ambassador.  Text of the communique is 
below. 
 
2.  Begin text: 
 
Venice Final Communique adopted 
 
Upon the invitation of the International Alliance for 
Justice, Mr. Bakhtiar Amin and No Peace Without Justice, in 
cooperation with the Iraqi National Assembly, the Kurdistan 
National Assembly-Iraq, and with the support of the Italian 
Ministry for Foreign Affairs, an International Conference on 
Diverse Cities and Dispute Areas was convened on 18-22 
December 2007 in the historic and auspicious surroundings of 
the city of Venice. 
 
The Conference gathered Deputy Speakers and Members of both 
the Iraqi Parliament and the Kurdistan Parliament, 
representatives of their various political groupings, 
Governors, and representatives of Provincial and City 
administrators in Iraq, together with the experts and 
scholars from diverse and disputed areas around the world. 
 
The Conference built on the solid foundations of the outcomes 
of the previous discussions on Practical Federalism in Iraq 
held in Venice on 18-26 July 2006, in Erbil, Kurdistan-Iraq 
on 10-16 July 2007 and in Rome on 26-27 September 2007, also 
convened by the International Alliance for Justice and No 
Peace Without Justice. 
 
Discussions were conducted in a spirit of mutual respect, 
objective analysis, dialogue and friendliness, and were 
underpinned by a shared commitment to the best interests of 
Iraq as a whole, with a view to discussing and resolving 
complex issues by taking into account the widest variety of 
positions and interests. 
 
Within this constructive atmosphere, participants discussed 
many of the problems associated with settling the political 
status of disputed areas, and considered how the foundations 
for long-term stability and prosperity might be built through 
the careful and committed management of local diversity. 
 
With reference to these discussions, and to the opinions 
submitted and presented, participants agreed upon the 
following recommendations: 
 
1.  The existence of ethnic, religious, sectarian and 
cultural diversities creates the necessity to believe in it 
and respect it. 
 
2.  Acknowledge that the problem in Kirkuk is its self 
determination.  It,s a real problem that requires a solution 
based on democracy principle, respect of human rights and 
loyalty to Iraq within a new democratic, federal and unified 
system. 
 
3.  The problem must be divided, and a solution must be found 
at the satisfaction of all parties. 
 
4.  Adopt dialogue, commit to national peace, reject violence 
and threats in all its forms, and adopt peaceful methods to 
solve problems which should be the basis for any solution. 
No deviation should be allowed, under any circumstances. 
 
5.  Request the Iraqi political forces and groups to take 
their historical responsibilities to achieve a real political 
agreement that guarantees rights for all components of the 
Iraqi people with its different sects and ethnicities. 
 
6.  The Kirkuk administration should be jointly administered 
between the different ethnicities of the city: Arabs, Kurds, 
Turkmen, and Chaldo-Assyrians. 
 
7.  Awareness should be expanded in the fields of tolerance, 
federalism, by raising the facts of the present, while past 
injustice should only remembered as lessons to avoid 
repeating such injustice, reject disagreements, and promote 
peaceful coexistence. 
 
8.  Find suitable methods to strengthen friendship and 
relations of love between different ethnicities in disputed 
areas, and disseminate the spirit of tolerance and 
coexistence in those areas. 
 
9.  The comprehensive aspect of article 140 of the Iraqi 
 
BAGHDAD 00000079  002 OF 002 
 
 
Constitution must be stressed in its two paragraphs, one and 
two. 
 
10.  The need for more transparency in solving article 140 of 
the constitution should be stressed. 
 
11.  Article 140 is the basis to deal with the problem. 
Providing the appropriate atmosphere is the method to achieve 
the solution as per this article. 
 
12.  Release all detainees who have not been convicted on any 
charge, by any party detaining the, and exhort all efforts to 
orient those released to carrying messages of love, peace and 
tolerance amongst their communities. 
 
13.  Continue the normalization process and do not use issues 
related to the process of normalization for political 
purposes. 
 
14.  Activate the Property Claims Commission and provide it 
with necessary financial resources, judges and establish a 
special Cassation Commission. 
 
15.  Ban demographic changes that could lead to new realities 
and proceed with just treatment of previous changes. 
 
16.  Address (abolish) all abuses that have taken place after 
9 April 2003 all over Iraq, and submit these to the legal 
rules. 
 
17.  Take into consideration the situation in areas included 
in Article 140, and not attempt to change power balances in 
these areas by arming civilians. 
 
18.  Economic factors should be stressed and the living 
standards of the citizens of diverse areas improved by 
eliminating unemployment and creating job opportunities on an 
equal basis for all society,s components. 
 
19.  Allocate an extraordinary budget and give priority to 
regions with diversity. 
 
20.  Increase the percentage of Cheldo-Assyrian members in 
the Governorate Councils and the Parliament, so as to 
compensate for events of the previous elections. 
 
21.  Recommend the donor countries, United Nations and other 
international humanitarian organizations to contribute to the 
reconstruction of the city of Kirkuk and other areas covered 
by article 140, and bring back life in them. 
 
22.  An Iraqi solution achieved according to the Constitution 
and taking into account the complexity of the matter, with 
the technical support of UNAMI, should be politically 
supported and guaranteed by the international community, if 
it is so wished by the Iraqi Government and the Iraqi parties 
concerned. 
 
End Text 
CROCKER

 



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