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1843-1919: The Public Record Office in Britain - Assyrians

by The Public Record Office in Britain and various sources.
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Posted: Sunday, October 30, 2016 at 12:22 PM UT

1896-1919: The Public Record Office in Britain - Assyrians
1843-1919: The Public Record Office in Britain - Assyrians (250 MB PDF)

Colonel Sheil, No. 70
August 31, 1843.

Memorandum respecting the Persecution of the Nestorian Christians by the Turks, Persians, and Khoordish Chiefs.

The Nestorians are a body of Oriental Christians inhabiting the mountainous regions of Khurdistan on the borders of Turkey and Persia, to the westward of Ooroomia.

For a number of years they contrived to maintain themselves in independence, owing to the nearly inaccessible nature of the country which they inhabited.

They were brought into more general notice by the Euphrates Expedition which was sent out by the British Government, under the command of Colonel Chesney, in 1835.

During the last thirty-six years the attention of Her Majesty's Government has been frequently called to the cruelties which have been practised against them, as well as to the persecutions, oppressions, extortions, and other hardships which they have suffered at the hands of the Turks, Persians, and Khoordish Chiefs.

The correspondence upon the subject is very voluminous, occupying, as it does, five thick folio volumes, and it is therefore only proposed on the present occasion to give such a description of its contents, as relates to the actual sufferings of these people, and the steps which the British Government has taken with the view of alleviating them.

1843-1919: The Public Record Office in Britain - Assyrians (250 MB PDF)

Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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