News in Bet-Nahren, Assyria

First Wheat Crops Identified in Northern Bet-Nahrain
by ZNAM: Washington
Posted: Wednesday, May 31, 2000 06:22 pm CST


BET-NAHREN, Turkey (ZINDA) - According to an article published in the journal Science, scientists from Norway, Germany, and Italy have genetically identified the wild progenitor of einkorn wheat in northern Bet-Nahrain (southeastern Turkey). This conclusion was reached after examining the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) of 68 lines of cultivated einkorn, 194 lines of wild einkorn from nine regions in the Middle East and nine lines of a weedy einkorn from the Balkans. Both cultivated and weedy lines are closely related to the wild einkorn found in the Karacadag Mountains of northern Bet-Nahrain. The first crops of wheat were domesticated in northern Bet-Nahrain around eleven thousand years ago.

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