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Fr. Dr. Yousif Habbi on 'Chaldeans', 'Sulaqa', and 'Rabban H...

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Fr. Dr. Yousif Habbi on 'Chaldeans', 'Sulaqa', and 'Rabban Hurmizd Monastery'

May-04-2001 at 02:09 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Last edited by Fred Aprim on May-04-2001 at 11:51 PM (CT)

The late Fr. Dr. Yousif Habbi of the Chaldean Catholic Church published a booklet consisting of (56) pages about the Rabban Hurmizd Monastery situated about a mile and a half northeast of Alqosh, in the governorate of Nineveh. Most of the booklet (45) pages is in Arabic, giving detailed description of the monastery that belonged to the Church of the East originally but is under the supervision of the Chaldean Catholic Church since the mid 19th century. Additional (5) pages are a very brief summary in English and (6) pages another summary in French. The monastery was built by Hurmizd the monk around AD 640 with some help from other faithful. The monastery is the resting place for (9) patriarchs who headed the Church of the East from late 15th century to the very beginning of the 19th century. The monastery faced numerous attacks in recent history such as the attack of Younis Agha of 1727, the devastation of Nadir Shah in 1743, the destruction of the Kurdish amir of Rawandoz in March 25th, 1832, and then the plunder of Ismael Pasha of August 19th, 1842. The monastery was abandoned several times due to these attacks and it was neglected as the Church of the East began to weaken in and around Mosul.

From the Arabic section we read under the sub-title From the 16th century to 1808: In early 1552, bishops and the party opposing to Patriarch Shimun bar Mama, elected the Monk Youkhana Sulaqa Ballu, a superior of Rabban Hurmizd Monastery, a new patriarch for them, ending a tradition of hereditary succession of patriarchs from uncle to nephew and putting an end to the unrest present those days in the church . In Rome, Sulaqa was consecrated as the first patriarch over the Catholic followers of the Church of the East on February 20th, 1553, and they were called Chaldeans.

In the English section, page (54), Fr. Habbi touches on Sulaqas controversy only in this manner, quote: The first chaldean Patriarch, Yohannan Sulaqa, was a superior of this monastery; he was elected by the catholic party of the Church of the East in 1552; consecrated in Rome in 1553. Unquote.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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