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Ummayad Mosque of Damascus

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Ummayad Mosque of Damascus

May-05-2001 at 01:53 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Last edited by Fred Aprim on May-06-2001 at 01:04 PM (CT)

Historical and Biblical accounts tell us that Ahaz, King of Jerusalem, sent an appeal to Tiglath Pileser with silver and gold to protect him from kings of Syria and Israel. (II Kings 16:17-18)
Tiglath Pileser answered the appeal of his vassal Ahaz and inflicted heavy damages on Israel and Damascus. Ahaz went to Damascus then to meet with the Assyrian King. In Damascus he saw the altar of the god Hadad of Damascus and he sent back its specifications and a model to priest Urijah to build one like it. The altar was completed before Ahaz returned to Jerusalem from Damascus after meeting with Tiglath Pileser.
The very popular mosque of the Ummayad Caliphs in Damascus stands on the site of the temple and altar of Hadad. In 1947, a relief decorated with a sphinx was found underneath the mosque (see Syria, XXVI, 1949, pp. 191-5). (Andre Parrot, Nineveh and the Old Testament, pp. 40-41)
Early in the Christian era, the temple was turned to a Cathedral of St John the Baptist (Mar Youkhana Maimdana) or as the Arabs call him Nabi Yahya. It is said that the Cathedral is still the resting place of the head of St. John shown under a richly gilded dome in the mosque. Another Christian relic is a Greek inscription over the lintel of the southern portal of the enclosure: Thy kingdom, O Christ, is an everlasting kingdom, Thy dominion endureth throughout all generations.
It was not until AD 705 that Abd-al-Maliks son al-Walid seized the cathedral from his Christian subjects. To justify the seizure by the Moslems, who until then had shared with its Christian owners a part of the temenos, tradition claimed that at the time of Moslem conquest the two contingents led respectively by Khalid and abu-Ubaydah entered the city (Damascus) simultaneously, one coming from the east by force and the other from the west by capitulation, and met unknowingly in the middle of the cathedral. (Philip K. Hitti, History of Syria, pp. 513-515)

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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