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Middle Eastern Minorities

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Middle Eastern Minorities

Dec-28-2001 at 02:32 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Last edited by Fred Aprim on Dec-28-2001 at 02:40 PM (CT)

The book was published by the Washington Institute for Near East Policy in 1999. The book addresses various issues regarding the religious and ethnic minorities in Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq.

The author, on page 2, subdivided the minorities in the Middle East under two categories, religious communities and ethnic or national groups. He defined the ethnic or national groups as follows:
That are either non-Arabs but Sunni Muslims, such as the Kurds, Turkomans, and Circassians; or neither Arab nor MuslimJews, Armenians, Assyrians, and southern Sudanese tribes.

In the Appendix section on page 110 a chart labeled # 2 and titled: Division by Countries, shows the religious communities of Iraq as 60-65% Shii Muslim; 32-37% Sunni Muslim; and 5% Christian. And under Ethnic Groups the author shows 75-80% Arab; 15-20% Kurdish; and 5% Assyrian, other.

Describing the Assyrians in Iraq, the book stated on page 72:
the non-Arab Christian Assyrians whom the British settled in Northern Iraq after World War I sought full autonomy or even a national home in their region. Previously recruited and armed by the British, the Assyrian special troops refused to disarm after Iraqs independence in 1930 and allegedly threatened the national unity. In early August 1933, armed Assyrians clashed with Iraqi troops and, in retaliation, Iraqi and Kurdish military units massacred hundreds of unarmed Assyrians. Many other Assyrians fled the country.
(Moshe Maoz. Middle Eastern Minorities: Between Integration and Conflict. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1999.)

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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