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Assyrians mentioned in "A to Z of the Middle East"

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Assyrians mentioned in "A to Z of the Middle East"

Jun-16-2000 at 02:11 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

Under the section "Minorities," we read:
The mandatories arrogated to themselves by the great powers (Sykes-Picot Agreement) in fact incorporated respect for the role of the various communities in the social arrangment. Far from bringing the old millet system to an end, they reinforced it by supporting the national demands of certain minorities. Divide and rule was, admittedly, hardly a new precept for Europeans in the Middle East. Hadnt France always invoked the defence of Christians to justify its interventions in the Levant? Hadnt it backed the Druze or the Alawites, just as Great Britain had the Hashemites and the Kurds, etc.?
In fact, there was a great temptation to manipulate the contradictions accumulated by centuries of more or less repressed aspirations. National aspirations: those of the Armenians, the Assyrians, the Kurds and the Palestinians, four peoples whose nationalist desires, always under attack, have never been lastingly achieved. Religious aspirations, too: Jewish and Christian minorities in a world dominated by Islam. Within Christianity there were various sects, the Catholic Melchites or Greek Catholics, the Syriac or Syrian Catholics, the Maronites, the Chaldeans, the Catholic Copts, the Catholic Armenians and the Roman Catholics, as well as -- separate from Rome -- the Greek Orthodox or Byzantine Church, the Syrian Monophysites , the Nestorians, the Copts, the Apostolic or Gregorian Armenians and, of course, the Reformed Churches. (page 127 & 129)

"A to Z of the Middle East"
by Alain Gresh & Dominique Vidal

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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