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Help Needed in Publishing & Distributing Books

Aug-05-2000 at 01:11 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

LAST EDITED ON Aug-05-00 AT 01:22 AM (CST)

(Forwarded by Atour for Edward M. Babayev,

Dear Assyrians,

I am addressing to you with the convincing request to participate in publishing and distributing the series of the books on the history and culture of the assyrian people from the ancient time up to our present days. The first two books are now ready for publishing. These books are devoted in memory and respect to our ancient and unique people, which is one of the survived people of the Bible peoples, which saves and keeps its language and culture in origin. This is the reason why I am addressing to you to make this present to all the assyrians round the world, to our people.

Please answer in any case, or forward this message to someone who can help to solve this problem. If you have contact phone numbers, and post addresses, please e-mail them.

Yours sincerely,
Edward M. Babayev (Bit-Baba)
One of the 240 assyrians, living in Kazakhstan.

In attachment there are face of the first part of the book, brief description, preface, introduction, one of the topics and contents of the book. All translated in English.


In the middle of the III millenium B.C. in the territory between Tigris and the Euphrates around the ancient settlement of Ashshur the new state began its formation, which was named Assyria (after the name of the city Ashshur).

On the boundary of the III and II milleniums B.C. Ashshur was of significant importance in internal and external exchange process of the Front Asia, this fact influenced the further development.

In 605 year B.C. Assyrian Empire did not exist and never after had any political power. However, the assyrians were not ruined, they lived on the same territory.

Since that time 25 centures have passed. During this period the whole states and nations disappeared, but the history disposed to save the people of Assyria. Nowadays the assyrians live all around the planet, 28 thousand assyrians live on the territory of ex USSR, which is now the second motherland for them.

Not long ago there were assyrian schools on the territory of the former USSR. In 1935 The National Committee of Education adopted the law of teaching program for the teaching staff of the assyrian schools. The staff of the higher qualification was trained in Leningrad Institute of History, Philosophy and Literature. During the socialist period a lot of articles and books were published in Assyrian Language, the works of Pushkin A.S., Tolstoy L.N., Gorky M., Fadeev A. and others were translated into this ancient language.

Assyrians organized the troops to fight the fashism when the time the World War II came. They financed the building of the plane Soviet Assyrian. All the income of the farm in Armenia of Oktemberyanski region named after III International was spent on the building and formation of the tank column.

Sergey Abramovich Sarkoshev and Lado Davydov were the Assyrians, who were rewarded as heroes of the Soviet Union. The history knows two Generals of Army, Assyrians Andrey Tamrazov and George Sarkisov.

The well-known scientists and professors Promarz Tamrazov, Mirra Melikova, Eugene Givargizov and many others were also the Assyrians.

Although the contributions into the world culture of the Assyrians are not significant, but know, however minor the people can be, however scattered round the planet the people can be, still it has the right to live it life and to keep the history.

16 years ago this very thoughts made me, the man of the assyrian origin, to undertake to revive the history of this people, which was forgotten by the Lord and mankind. For all this time all the materials, documents on history of Assyria were found, collected. The most difficult task for me was to find sources of reliable information, as the historical territory of Assyria is out of my state.

The second problem is the absence of systematic material on the history of Assyria, though there is research work of the historians-assyrians. (The works on Caucasus, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan give little information about the Assyrians, as the Assyrians traded, had political, cultural and economic connections with the people, who lived in the territory of the states, mentioned above. The aim of this research is to present the general idea of the origin and development of the state of Assyria, its people, its influence on the world culture on the basis of the studied and collected by the author material.

There is a book about the ancient period of Assyria for you to make judgements. It consists of Introduction, 2 parts, containing 6 chapters each.

In respect of the previous works of the explorers, the author made a separate part, for giving characteristics to the sources of the ancient East state history, emphasizing the following:

1. Bible and antique authors;
2. Literature memorials;
3. Culture memorials.

In the first part of the book the reader can find the description of the nature, the climate of the ancient Mesopotamia, housing and mode of life of the people, its traditions and customs.

The second part of the book describes the history of Shumer, Khaldei, Assyria, Babilonia, Elam, Jewish country, Phiniki and other states, their interactions, religions, culture etc. Every description is based on the data of the antique sources.

The author addresses his research to everybody, who has interest to the history but a very little people.

4. Khaldei Book of Being.

The series, to which D.Smitt gave a suitable title Khaldei Book of Being, consist of seven tiles. It begins with the words When up... and that is why all the tiles, belonging to it are numbered: Tile 1, 2, 3 of the series When up... the property Ashshurbanipala, the king of the peoples, the assyrian king.... It is quite possible to conclude that these ancient narrations about the creation of the world are formed into connected literal construction and written in the period of prosperity, which followed the exile of elamits and reign of Khammurapy, tillthe invasion of kassits, i.e. the period approximately between 2200 and 1800 B. C. We deliver the main features of this ancient cosmogong according to the translation of the German assyrian-historian F. Delitch and according to the extracts by the professor M. Yastrovoi from the book The religion of Babylonia and Assyria.

4.1 Chaos and first Gods.
The first lines of the tile are safe: When up the sky had no name (i.e. did not exist), and down there was no earth, there were only pristine Apsu (Abyss, Ocean) and Mummu-Tiamatt, Dark Deep, of feminine gender (which probably gave birth to everyone, i.e. Gods). The waters of theirs joined and merge. There were no fenced fields, no islands seen (maybe marsh). There were no gods yet, they had no names (i.e. did not exist), did not govern the destiny (world). Then the oldest gods were born: Lakhmu and Lamakhu. Many centures have passed... Anshar and Kishar were born, and long life they lived... Anu.. Here is the text torn off. Of all hundred lines only half-lines and scattered words remain. But still it is understandable there is a narration of the birth of the gods Anu, Bell, Ea, of his son Marduk (the god of light) and Gibil.

Further it is seen that Apsu and Tiamatt despise the great gods, their very birth and together and conceive an evil against them, expecting that the last powers of the light and the law were born to fight the power of dark and the chaos, which gave them the birth. When the story becomes clear and logical again, we find The Mother of Abyss busy in creating a great number of monsters for the fight with the gods. She is busy at work day and night: creates huge sharp-toothed snakes, which she fills with the poison instead of blood, dragons vasilisks, violent dogs, half-man half-scorpions, dreadful animals, brutal, savage and strong. Eleven kinds of monsters she created and appointed a leader the cruel Kinga: The power over all the gods (i.e. newly created beasts) I gift you. Be great, you, my selected spouse, let your name be exalted in all the countries of the world. And one more thing she gave him, put it under the cover The Table of Fate: the word, your mouth utters, be strong! (See the illustration Monster Mummu-Tiamatt - embodiment of Chaos).

4.2. The council of the gods.
Marduk is appointed a Supreme God. The second and the third tile tell the story where Anshar is informed about all the tricks of this mean old woman and follows. He sends two his sons to her, -first Anu, then Ea, persuades her to tame the heart. But she receives them furiosly, with the menace, they return to their father with the sad report. Then Anshar addresses to his grandson, the youngest of the gods, Marduk, and promises him every kind of rewards if he saves and keeps the people from the great danger. Marduk agrees to tame Tiamatt and save the lives of the gods, but only under the condition of his being appointed Supreme God at the council of the gods. Not you, but me will condemn the destiny.
Anshar sends for the council to gather for the ceremonial meeting,- to feast and consult. They came in crowd, sit to feast, consult, drink sweet wine and in the heady delight proclaim Marduk to be their warrior, fighter and give up their rights and privileges to him.

Brief description:
E. Babayev Mesopotamia, Assyria the country of the god Ashshur in two parts
Part #1: 448 pages/color pictures

The work is devoted to the history and culture of the nearest East (Mesopotamia) during the period from the ancient times to the beginning of the 1 millenium B.C.

On the basis of research of Russian, socialistic and abroad historians, specialized in the history of the East, the picture of the origin of class societies in Mesopotamia, Eastern Mediterrenian is represented in accordance with the modern content of the historical knowledge. The author provides the detailed data about political, social, economic system of these regions as well as the process of formation and development of culture and art.

The book is illustrated.
The book is for historians, specialized in the history of the East, teachers and students of the historical departments, as well as for the people, who are interested in history and culture of Ancient East.


Mesopotamia, Assyria the country of the god Ashshur

The appearance of the work of E.Babaev is the mark of the time. Not long ago, at the time of the escaping the nations and nationalities, distinguishing features, this work about almost unknown people of Assyria could hardly be presented to the audience.

With the very first lines the reader can feel the emotions of the author, not those of the ignorant legend-letter, but those of the man, who deeply involved and moved with the destiny of his people. The prospects for the future of the author is creation of several books, dedicated to the history of the assyrian people. This work, at your disposal, enlightens only the ancient history of life of the assyrians.

It is while to base the investigations of the history of any people on two levels: empirical and methodological.

The choice of the way of the problem research was the favorable one. The history of Assyria is not restricted with the location of this ethnic group, but the development of the assyrian ethnic is shown in the progress during the centures.
The main authors efforts was directed to the search and usage of the great number of facts, where he succeeded.

Bibliographic basis contains significant number of work of different historical periods and geographical regions. On the basis of the study of many sources and literature, the author disclose the history of the assyrian people. In the course of writing the facts of the newest archeological investigations on the territory which once belonged to the empire of Assyria were used.

Author agrees with the subjective approach in explaining some questions. But, nevertheless, the point of view is certain - the history of the mankind, described in the old books, takes its origin in the region among the rivers of the Tigris and the Euphrates and gave birth to the peoples, which are still living there.

There is no unique approach of the historical period assessment in the science of history. In the framework of the classical histography there is no place for a local history as an independent subject, as the local process manifest the general regularity. On the other hand, a part of scientists consider the process of history as a combination of a number of independent subjects. Connecting with this, we must note that the author escaped the poles: the history of the assyrian people is presented as an independent subject of the history as well as a part of world civilization development.

One of the strongest features of the work is illustrative material. The book is abounded in rare photos and pictures of the thing of the assyrian culture, kings sculptures, the thing of house, maps etc., which composes the full concept of the assyrian culture and its influence on the world culture. The abundance of data distinguishes this work from the rest.

In the analysis of the ancient historical period of Assyria the full and deep basis of legends and myths is provided, which aim to form the image of the assyrian social structure.

The language of the book is vivid and bright. The importance of the book is emphasized with the author is theory of the historical process and on the other hand with the theory of the world civilization development, giving the explanation of the origin of the states of Asia.

This book may be of great interest for teachers of History (Ancient History), teachers and students of the Historical Departments, and for every reader, interested in the ancient history.

PhD(History) Yanchuk E.T.
Part I. The fall of Ninevia
Chapter 1. The ancient Mesopotamia
1. The location of the Mesopotamia
2. The nature
2.1 Climate
2.2 Rivers
2.3 Specific conditions
3. The northern Mesopotamia
3.1 Fall of Ninevia
3.2 Ksenofont: retreat of Ten Thounds
3.3 The Greeks do not recognise the ruins of Kalakha and Ninevia
3.4 Alexander the Great in Mesopotamia

Chapter 2. Three groups of source of the ancient state history
1. Bible and ancient authors
1.1 Herodot in Assyria
1.2 The narration of Srabon about the capital cities of ancient Assyria and irrigation constructions
1.3 Historical library (Diodor Sicilian)
1.4 Spreading of the knowledge of ancient Assyria by the Russian explorers
2. Written memorials
2.1 P. Della Valle the first who presented the samples of strange letters
2.2 Europe acquaints with the three line literature copied by T.Gerbert
2.3 Expedition of fire, headed by K.Nibur Deciphering of the cuneiform What was known about it before Grotenfond
2.4 Raulinson deciphers Assyrian Babylonian part of Bakhistun sign. Unordinary experiment. What were we able to read?
3. Memorials of physical culture
3.1 The Englishman Rich, the first who start excavations
3.2 The discoveries of P.E. Bott and the scientific world opinion
3.3 O.Y. Leiyard finds Nimrud in the ruins of Kalakha. Where is the cursed by the Bible prophets Ninevia?
3.4 O.Rassam finds epos about Gilgamesh. Appendix: Assyrian bead from Azerbaijan . The bead with cuneiform from Khodjalin grave.

Chapter 3. Ruins
1. Mode of life and art of every people is determined by the geography conditions of its country
2. The absence of wood and stone in Khaldea and Babylonia.
3. Abundance of silt causes the thought of brick manufacture
4. Size of embankment, written in figers.
5. Architecture in Assyria is the same as in Khaldea and Babylonia
6. River floating
7. Restoration of Sinakhheribs palace

Chapter 4. Nomads and settlers
1. First migrations
2. Pastorial mode of life. Agricultural mode of life. Urban mode of life
3. Migration instinct
4. Education of the nation

Chapter 5. Conception of cuneiform in Mesopotamia
1. Why did the people start writing books?
2. Dissatisfaction with different writing materials
3. Monuments
4. Book of the past
5. Kings library in Ninevia
6. The library, founded by Y. Leiyard
7. D.Smitt finds the tables about the flood in Ashshurbanipales library during the expedition to Ninevia
8. The library content: classical department, archives department
9. Books of tiles
10. Cylinders, cylinders in foundation

Chapter 5. The Land of Sennaar
1. Boros: who were the first migrants of the land of Sennaan
2. About the flood
3. Blessed kin and cursed kin
4. Genealogical method of the 10th chapter of the Book of Being
5. Eponims
6. Omission of some tribes (white, black, yellow) from the tables of the 10th chapter of the Book of Being
7. Cultural tribes
8. Who were the turans and Ural-altaiers? What happened to Kains posterity?
9. The turans are not they kains?
10. The first migrant of the Land of Sennaar turans (ural-altai)

Part II.
Chapter 1. Shumer and Akkad
1. Their language
2. The ancient legend. Sacred literature
3. Religiousness the distinguishing feature of a man. The first manifestation of Religiousness
4. The collection of the sacred texts
5. World outlook of shumer-akkadians. Spirits and demons
6. Aralu devils kingdom
7. Wonderful mythological tiles
8. Wizards and enchanters
9. Charms
10. God Ea
11. God middle Mirri-Dugga
12. Diseases are the very demons. Treatment through witch craft. Talismans
13. Demon of the South-western wind
14. All-powerful gods name
15. The first gods
15.1 Bar-bar-Sun
15.2 Gibil-Nusku (Fire)
16. The dawn of moral consciousness
17. The first manifestation of confession
17.1 Confession of psalms
17.2 Confession of prayer
18. Shumer-akkadians the first mathematicians and astronomers.
19. Astronomic origin of the week
20. Resemblance between ural-altayers and shumer-akkadians

Chapter 2. Political history of Shumer and Akkada
1. Legends about Oann
2. Beres chronology
3. Authentic source of chronology
4. Geographical indicator of the ancient shumer-akkadian culture
5. About the names of Khaldei and Khaldeins
6. The ancient political system of Shumer and Akkad. Patesy
7. The main cities and their sacred places
8. Contradictions. Arrival of semits. The fight of the two races.
9. The first semit king-conquer
10. Lagash the center of shumer-akkad national reaction
11. The king Sargon Akkadsky and the Legend about him
11.1 Sargon campaign
11.2 Sargon-the governor and educator
12. Literal collection. Erekh the city of books Sargon chronology the king of Akkad (3800 B.C.)
13. Patesy of Gudea Lagashsky
14. Elamits invasion at about 2285 B.C.
14.1 Elam and its people
14.2 Elamit Khudur Lagamar and his campaign
14.3 Khudur-Lagamar and Avraam
14.4 Elamit empire
15. The beginning of Babylonia and exile of elamits
15.1 Khamurapy -the founder of Vavilon kingdom
15.2 Successor of Khamurapy. Civil system of the ancient Babylonia kingdom
16. Kassits invasion. Kingdom of Karduinash-Khaldei
17. Decline of First Babylonia kingdom
Appendix: Code of Law of the king Khamurapy

Chapter3. Babilonia religion
1. Astronomic elements in Assyria Vavilon religion
2. Priests and astrology
3. Spiritualisation of the ancient religion
4. The origin of Khaldeo-Babylonina religion
5. Systematization of religious conceptions
5.1 The first Supreme Vavilon trinity of Heaven, Ocean and Ourer
5.2 The second trinity the Sun, the Moon, the Storm. Five planets
6. Bel-Marduk of Babylon
7. The dual face of nature: the male and female source
8. Bel, Belita and Ishtar
9. The twelve great gods
10. An interesting discovery in Sippar
11. Remains of the ancient witchkraft
11.1 Symbols and fortune-telling
11.2 Different marks
11.3 Marks by ugly people
11.4 Astronomers, witchkrafts and fortune-tellers

Chapter 4. Sacred stories
1. Cosmogony and sacred books
2. Babylonian sacred texts
3. The discovery of D.Smitt
4. Khaldei book of Being
4.1 Prestine chaos and the first gods Mummu-Tiammat riots
4.2 Council of the gods. Marduk is appointed a Supreme god
4.3 Grandeur of Marduk. His armament, fight and victory
4.4 Creation of the heaven luminary. Instructions to the people
4.5 The gods glorify Marduk
5. Political context of the Babylonizn text. Extract of another text
6. About the creation of man
7. Babylonian cosmogony be Beros
8. The tree of life. Tree as a symbol of eternal life
9. The World Mount, the Earth Paradise and zikkurats.
10. Zikkurat in Borsipp
11. Zikkurats organization
12. Riot of seven evil spirits
13. Legend of the tower of Language confusion

Chapter 5. Myths. Heroes and epos
1. Definition of the word myth.
2. Heroes. Heroes time and heroes myths
3. The ancient epos
4. The story of Beros about the flood
5. Khaldei original
6. Division of the poem into books
6.1 Gilgamesh (Izdubar) the hero of the poem
6.2 Eabany savage-of-desert
6.3 Taming of Eabany
6.4 The campaign against the tyrant Khumbab
6.5 Gilgamesh rejects the love of the goddess Ishtar. Her wrath
6.6 Revenge of the goddess Ishtar.
6.7 Difficult wandering
6.8 Sabitum instructs the Hero
6.9 Gilgamesh swim across the Death waters.
6.10 Return of Gilgamesh to Erekh
7. The eleventh table of the poem Flood
8. Lining for the poem Sunny myth
9. F. Lenorman about mythic nature of the poem
10. Wide-spreading of the myths
11. The sunny myth about a nice young man, perished and revived.
12. Dumuzy (Famuz), beloved of the goddess Ishtar. The holiday of Dumuz.
13. The poem about the procession of the goddess Ishtar into the devils kingdom
14. Wide-spreading of the myth about the Sun and the Earth
Appendix to chapter Myths. Heroes and epos

Chapter 6. Religion and mythology. Idol worship and anthropomorphism
1. Definition of the words Religion and Mythology
2. The marks of religious feelings in the poetic art of Shumer and Akkada.
3. Myth character, often strangles the religious feeling
4. Studying of immortal soul, in connection with the Sun
5. Wide-spreading of the Sun symbol of immortal soul
6. The same meaning is hidden in the myth of The Sun and the Earth
7. Idol worship
8. Jewish people, having firstly many gods and being idol worshipers, were forced by there leaders to one god
9. Jewish people are seducing to have many gods through interaction with Khanaaneys
10. Marriages with khanaaneys is strictly prohibited because of this reason
11. Striking resemlance between the khaldei legend and the book of being
12. Resemblance of Khaldei and Bible stories of world creation
13. Anthropomorphism leads to idol and many gods
14. Pristine kings and pristine patriarchs
15. Comparison of the two stories of the flood
16. Break between khaldeis and Jewish people
17. Retrospect of the passed way
18. Khaldea (i.e. Mesopotamia) is more ancient than Egypt

Assyrian-Babylonian calendar in measure tables
Chronology of Old History
Chronological table of the states. Shumer and Akkad
List of the kings up to 1970 B.C.
Authors index
Mythological names index
Geographical index
Ethnic names index
Historical names index
Table of the origin of the modern alphabet

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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