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1914-15: An Ottoman report on Turco-Persian borders

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1914-15: An Ottoman report on Turco-Persian borders

Feb-02-2011 at 08:00 PM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

An Ottoman report related to incidents in Turco-Persian borders in 1914-15

1914-15: An Ottoman report related to incidents in Turco-Persian borders in 1914-15
by Dr. Racho Donef — Sydney, Australia. January, 2011.


The following report from the Turkish Military Archives (GENELKURMAY ATASE ARŞİVİ – ARCHIVES OF THE CHIEF OF STAFF) consists of twenty six pages.1 The anonymous rapporteur pursues a number of themes, including the Frontier Delimitation Commission for the Turco-Persian boundaries, Kurdish, Armenian, Assyrian co-operation against the Ottoman Empire, allegation of atrocities against Muslims, alleged Russian intrigue and French and English machinations, occupation of Iran by the Allies, the siege of the Dardanelles Strait, the Shatt-al-Arab battles and Turco-Persian relations. The report includes a number of intercepted Russian telegrams translated to Ottoman Turkish, documents in French and Persian, both in the original languages and in Ottoman Turkish.

The rapporteur presents a report which justifies every action of the Ottoman Empire in all facets. In every respect the Ottoman Empire is supposed to be acting within the international conventions of war, lawfully and morally. All other third parties are depicted as either treacherous (Kurds, Armenians, Iranian government, Assyrians) or acting outside the parameters of conventions, or are greedy (the Russians, the France, the British). The report as well as providing an analysis of the situation concerning the Ottoman Empire and a number of other countries, it gives insight into the Ottoman spy network which had the ability to intercept Russian communication between the Russian government and its consulates.

Despite the evidently cynical and self-serving approach by the rapporteur, this document is an invaluable source of information for researchers, on a number of topics as outlined above.

In the translations of the documents, “…” indicates that a passage is illegible in the original.

1 GNKUR. ATASE ARŞİVİ, KOL.: BDH, KLS.: 1488, DOS.: 32/-, FİH.:3-12.

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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