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(Swedish) Högskolorna í övre Mesopotamíen: Del I - Edess...

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(Swedish) Högskolorna í övre Mesopotamíen: Del I - Edessa, Nsibin och Qartëmin

Apr-04-2021 at 09:40 AM (UTC+3 Nineveh, Assyria)

(Swedish) Högskolorna í övre Mesopotamíen: Del I - Edessa, Nsibin och Qartëmin
redaktor: Jan Beṯ-Şawoce

Förord

Föreliggande bok som handlar om högskolorna i Edessa, Nsibin och Qartëmin, består av en samling översättningar till svenska, med ursprung i åtta lärda artiklar rörande de allra äldsta kristna högskolorna.

Alla är av stort intresse för läsare som vill veta mera om den syrisk ortodoxa kyrkans ursprung, organisation och tidiga idéutveckling.

Boken ger också bidrag till hur munkväsendet omorganiserades från stillsam meditation till aktiv skolinlärning.

Jag vill särskilt uppmärksamma om de skrifter som handlar om Nisibins högskola, av somliga sedd som ”världens första universitet”, och dess detaljerade statuter för studenternas uppförande.

Återigen får vi tacka Ingvar Rydberg för utmärkta översättningar och Jan Beṯ-Şawoce för idérik redigering.

David Gaunt
Professor emeritus i historia vid Södertörns högskola
Stockholm, Sweden - Mars 2021

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Assyria \ã-'sir-é-ä\ n (1998)   1:  an ancient empire of Ashur   2:  a democratic state in Bet-Nahren, Assyria (northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and eastern Syria.)   3:  a democratic state that fosters the social and political rights to all of its inhabitants irrespective of their religion, race, or gender   4:  a democratic state that believes in the freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture in faithfulness to the principles of the United Nations Charter — Atour synonym

Ethnicity, Religion, Language
» Israeli, Jewish, Hebrew
» Assyrian, Christian, Aramaic
» Saudi Arabian, Muslim, Arabic
Assyrian \ã-'sir-é-an\ adj or n (1998)   1:  descendants of the ancient empire of Ashur   2:  the Assyrians, although representing but one single nation as the direct heirs of the ancient Assyrian Empire, are now doctrinally divided, inter sese, into five principle ecclesiastically designated religious sects with their corresponding hierarchies and distinct church governments, namely, Church of the East, Chaldean, Maronite, Syriac Orthodox and Syriac Catholic.  These formal divisions had their origin in the 5th century of the Christian Era.  No one can coherently understand the Assyrians as a whole until he can distinguish that which is religion or church from that which is nation -- a matter which is particularly difficult for the people from the western world to understand; for in the East, by force of circumstances beyond their control, religion has been made, from time immemorial, virtually into a criterion of nationality.   3:  the Assyrians have been referred to as Aramaean, Aramaye, Ashuraya, Ashureen, Ashuri, Ashuroyo, Assyrio-Chaldean, Aturaya, Chaldean, Chaldo, ChaldoAssyrian, ChaldoAssyrio, Jacobite, Kaldany, Kaldu, Kasdu, Malabar, Maronite, Maronaya, Nestorian, Nestornaye, Oromoye, Suraya, Syriac, Syrian, Syriani, Suryoye, Suryoyo and Telkeffee. — Assyrianism verb

Aramaic \ar-é-'máik\ n (1998)   1:  a Semitic language which became the lingua franca of the Middle East during the ancient Assyrian empire.   2:  has been referred to as Neo-Aramaic, Neo-Syriac, Classical Syriac, Syriac, Suryoyo, Swadaya and Turoyo.

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