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Naoum Faik (1868-1930)

by various sources. | Assyrian Information Management (AIM)

Posted: Monday, July 02, 2001 at 02:16 PM CT | Updated: February 27, 2014.

Naoum Faik (1868-1930)


Naoum Faik (1868-1930)
by Fred Aprim

Naoum Elias Yakob Balakh was born in February 1868 in the Assyrian town of Omid (Diyarbekir) in northern Bethnahrin, parts of it presently in Turkey. He added the title Faik to his name as this was a tradition in the Ottoman Empire to add titles because there were always many people carrying the same name.

He attended the parish primary school. Then the secondary school of The Brotherhood Association of Ancient Syrians, he spent eight years there where he learned Syriac, Arabic, Turkish, and Persian in addition to the church liturgy and hymns. He planned to continue his studies in the Syrian University but his father passed away and was forced to seek employment to support himself. Soon after that his mother passed away too, he was left young and broken hearted.

A mere flower to the writer in his lifetime is far more rewarding than thousands of wreaths placed on his grave after death.

— Naoum Faik

He started teaching in Omid (Diarbekir) in the year 1888. Later, was asked to move to the town of Hashas in Al-Bashiriya where he faced tremendous difficulties because everybody there spoke Kurdish. He was ordained Shamasha on October 16th., 1889 at the age of 21 and was an active member in his church. Naoum Faik travelled to Al-Raha (Urhai / Edessa), to teach there and while living in Urhai he studied the Assyrian treasures kept in our old churches there. He later moved to Hsanmansour (Adiyaman) to teach in the new school built for the 50 Assyrian families living in that region.

Naoum Faik returned to Omid and taught again in its schools for another 4 years when he was asked by the Patriarch Moran Mar Ignatius Abdulmasih II, in 1896, to travel to Homs, Syria, to teach in its school. He stayed in Homs for a short time and moved to Beirut, Lebanon then to Yafa and Jerusalem where he spent six months in Mar Markus monastery studying its Syriac written treasures. Naoum Faik returned to Omid for the third time and got back to teaching. Then in 1904, he moved to Mardin, to Deyrul Zafaran monastery where he began studying all those Syriac texts, which were saved in the monastery’s depository.

In 1908 he started "AL-Entibah" a religious association and in 1909 brought to life the well known magazine "Kukhwa d' Madinkha" (Star of the East), both very well known establishments to our people.

One of the things Naoum Faik always preached of was the necessity of schools, printing presses, and magazines as tools for survival and building nationalistic understanding in the youth. With the increasing of oppression against his people in our homeland, he decided to immigrate to the USA, and so he did in 1912, with the help of his loyal friend Sanharib Bali, who wrote about him saying, "Before Naoum Faik many people came, but they all took from the Assyrian culture and translated it to other languages but he distinguished himself by translating from other languages to Assyrian, thus while others were exchanging our heritage he was adding to it."

In the United States he started the journal of "Bethnahrin" in 1916, published in Syriac, Arabic and Turkish, which he dedicated to the Assyrian people. In 1921 he was asked to be the chief editor of the magazine "Huyada" published by the ChaldoAssyrian National Association, which he did until it stopped, then he returned to issue 'Bethnahrin' again until his last days.

He wrote once in Turkish; which translates to;
dashmi kaseldi uraklaremuz
damurdanmider boo kalblaremuz
yoksa gormiyor boo gozlaremuz
Did our hearts become of stone
did our hearts become of iron
or did our eyes become blind
hamiyal kanlari jevelan etsen
toonuk qalbemez fighan aylasen
Asori ganchlar harr zeman daysen
ab bizim chakmadick hallar mi kaldi
Let our red blood flow
let our silent hearts whine
let the Assyrian youth always say
oh, are there still any catastrophes which we haven't gone through yet
jihana galali rahmi Mazarden
zikri vetan chukmaz asla qaterden
niazem happ booder Rabbi kaderden
sani gormayenja roohem almasen
From the moment that we came to this world
from the womb till our grave we cannot keep our homeland out of our minds
the only thing I desire from the Lord
is that He will not take away my soul until I have seen you... homeland.

Naoum Faik believed that the interest of the Assyrian nation should always be put ahead of personal interest. Yes, he was born poor, but because of his beliefs he lived poor and died poor, but what he left is a wealth that money can not buy. He left an awakening in the Assyrian nation, an awakening which is taking roots in us as people of one origin with distinct heritage and culture and the right to shape our own destiny.

Malfono Naoum Faik, as we call him today, deserved that title, he is our beloved poet and founder of Assyrian renaissance. He passed away on February 5th, 1930, but forever will be in our hearts, an Assyrian legend.

Naoum Faik's Work, Research and Publications

  • Syriac words in the Arabic language in Beth Nahrin
  • Syriac words in the Turkish language
  • Syriac words in the Persian language
  • Syriac words in the Armenian and Kurdish languages
  • Syriac words in English language
  • Arabic-Syriac dictionary containing thousands of words
  • Dictionary of the Greek words used in Syriac language
  • Bible dictionary in Syriac
  • Bible index in Syriac
  • A summary of Mathematics in Syriac
  • A summary in Geography in Syriac
  • A summary of the history and geography of Bethnahrin
  • History of the Syrian immigrants to America
  • The history of the Syriac schools of Urhai and Nasibin
  • Translation of Benjamin Franklin's speeches to Syriac
  • A 1916 calendar
  • Syriac translations of Rubaeyat Umar Al Khayam
  • Collection of nationalistic songs in Syriac, Arabic and Turkish
  • Translation of the book Akheqar, the Assyrian wise-man, to Turkish
  • A book titled Principles in reading Syriac
  • An extended treasures of compositions in Syriac
  • and many other books, translations and researches totalling 35.



The Naoum Faik Assyrian Book Fund

The Naoum Faik Assyrian Book Fund is a library endowment fund intended for the use of Columbia University in building and maintaining a collection of material related to Assyrian history and culture during the Christian era. While it is expected that the University will collect materials in all necessary languages, particular attention is directed to Assyrian language materials, including manuscripts.

This campaign is sponsored by the Naoum Faik Assyrian Book Fund:

Contact: Herbert Quoyoun | T: 212-532-6023

For further questions and donations contact:

Columbia University
Office of University Development, Room 948
450 Riverside Drive
New York, New York 10015 USA


Sargon's Publishing House - Europe.

ذكرى نعوم فائق وبطاقة تقدير لكل من ابرم شابيرا وميخائيل مار يوا

بقلم: شمعون دنحو السويد

برز في نهاية القرن التاسع عشر وبداية القرن العشرين الكثير من الرواد السريان، الذين قدموا جل خدماتهم في مجالات  اللغة والموسيقى والقومية .. وكان من ابرزهم العلامة الكبير نعوم فائق آميدويو (1868 - 1930)، الذي كان شاغله الأول توعية السريان لميراثهم الرافديني العريق من خلال الصحف التي كان يشرف على اصدارها كـ مجلة (بيث نهرين) و (حويودو). وبمناسبة الذكرى السنوية للمعلم نعوم فائق والتي تقام تخليدا له في 5 شباط من كل عام واحتراما لذكراه نكتب السطور التالية:

 ان أول من فكر باقامة ذكرى تخليد للعلامة والمناضل القومي نعوم فائق كانت "جمعية الاتحاد الآشوري" في بوسطن (الولايات المتحة الامريكية)، وذلك في 23 اذار 1930 أي بعد مرور اقل من شهرين على رحيله. ثم اقيمت الذكرى الثانية لتخليده في شباط من عام 1931. وبعد ميلاد المنظمة الآثورية الديمقراطية في الجزيرة السريانية (سوريا) في 15 تموز من عام 1957، فانها تبنت اقامة ذكرى تخليد المناضل القومي نعوم فائق بشكل دوري ومنظم حتى ايامنا هذه. واعلنت المنظمة هذا اليوم عيدا قوميا لكل السريان الآشوريين (الكلدان) الموزعين في هذه المعمورة. وما زال أبناء هذه الأمة السريانية وبمختلف تسمياتها محافظين على هذا التقليد  ايفاءا وتقديرا منهم لما قدم الفاضل نعوم من خدمات مختلفة لهذه الأمة المسكينة.

بعد وفاة الأديب نعوم فائق شكلت لجنة تأبينية لاقامة مراسيم دفنه، ثم أضيف الى مهام هذه اللجنة  طبع كتاب موسع عن حياة العلامة نعوم فائق ومقتطفات من مؤلفاته. وطبع هذا الكتاب في عام 1936 تحت عناون: (نعوم فائق – ذكرى وتخليد الأديب السرياني الكبير)،  وقد جمعه وعلق عليه الأديب السرياني مراد فؤاد جقي. ولا يسعنا في الحديث عن هذا الكتاب الا ان نشيد بالجهود الكبيرة التي بذلها السيد ميخائيل مار يوا  ( مسؤول مكتبة الاتكال في شيكاغو حالياً) حيث قام مؤخراً باعادة طبع هذا الكتاب، وبهذه المناسبة أيضاً نشكر الكاتب الكبير ابرم شابيرا على تأليفه لكتابه الرائع حول المعلم  نعوم ونشرته دار سركون للنشر في السويد في ذكرى المعلم تحت عنوان: (نعوم فائق – معلم الفكر القومي الوحدوي).  وهكذا يكون السيدان الفاضلان  ميخائيل مار يوا وابرم شابيرا من التلامذة المخلصين للأديب نعوم فائق وأفكاره النيرة. ولهم عبر هذا المقال المتواضع بطاقة محبة وتقدير وشكر خاص من قبل كاتب هذه السطور.

وأخيرا وخير ما يقال عن الاديب تعوم فائق ما ورد على لسان الاديب المعروف فيليب حتي (استاذ اللغات الشرقية – برنستون- اميركا:

(اجتمعت بالسيد نعوم فائق بضع مرات كانت كلها في الدائرة الشرقية من مكتبة نيويورك العمومية، حيث كنت اجده عاكفا على التنقيب والبحث والدرس لتحرير جريدته ولخدمة ابناء وطنه في هذه الديار، فهو بذلك وضع امامنا مثالا شريفا يجدر بنا جميعا ان نتحداه، ولا غرو فالسيد نعوم ومواطنوه من سلالة شعب تاريخي قديم عرف بالنبل والحصافة، واتحف العالم بالكثير من الهبات العلمية والروحية والمادية، ذلك هو الشعب البابلي الآشوري الكلداني النبيل).


ܡܠܦܢܢ ܪܒܐ ܢܥܘܡ ܦܐܝܩ

ܐܰܕ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕܰܗ̱ܢ ܐܰܪܒܰܥ ܘܬܡܳܢ̈ܺܝܕܒܳܬ̣ܪ ܡܗ̱ܘ̣ ܫܘ̣ܢܳܝܳܐ ܕܟܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܒܳܐ ܘܚܰܫܘ̣ܒܬ̣ܳܢܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘܪܳܝܳܐ ܣܘ̣ܪܝܳܝܐ ܪܰܒܳܐ ܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ ܝܳܐ. ܡܰܘܠܶܕ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܕܺܝܢ̱ܬ̣ܐ ܕܐܳܡܺܝܕ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ1868ܡ̄. ܗܶܫ ܗܝ̣ܝܶܗ ܒܥܘ̣ܡܪܐ ܢܰܥܝ̣ܡܐ ܡܰܚܘܶܐ ܠܶܗ ܕܟܺܝ̣ܬ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܠܶܗ ܣܘܺܝܚܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܘܪܶܗܓܐ ܠܗ̱ܘ ܠܶܫܢܳܐ ܣܽܘܪܝܳܝܳܐ، ܘܠܗ̱ܘ ܡܰܟ̣ܬ̣ܰܒܙܰܒܢܳܐ، ܘܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܰܪܕܘ̣ܬ̣ܐ. ܘܥܰܡ ܪܶܕܝܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܙܰܒܢܳܐ ܡܫܰܘܫܰܛ ܠܶܗ ܪܘ̣ܚܶܗ ܘܗܰܐܘܺܝ̣ ܚܰܫܽܘܒܬ̣ܢܳܐ ܪܰܕܺܝܟܰܠܳܝܐ ܫܶܪܫܳܢܳܝܳܐ.

ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܝܳܪܬܘ̣ܬ̣ܐ ܕܛܪܶܐܠܶܗ ܒܳܬ̣ܪܶܗ ܡܰܠܦܳܢܐ ܢܰܥܘ̣ܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ، ܒܳܬ̣ܰܪܟܶܢ ܡܰܚܘܶܐܠܰܗ̇ ܕܗܰܘܝܳܐ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܰܨܠܚܳܢܽܘ̣ܬ݂ܐ ܦܽܘ̣ܠܺܝ̣ܛܺܝ̣ܩܳܝܬܐ ܕܒܰܝܢ ܗ̱ܘ̣ ܥܰܡܰܝܕܰܢ. ܐܪ̈ܶܢܝܰܝܕܶܗ ܘܰܐ ܬܰܪ̈ܥܝܳܬ݂ܰܝܕܶܗ ܗܰܐܘܶܢ ܡܥܰܕܪ̈ܳܢܐ ܠܗ̱ܘ̣ ܥܰܡܰܝܕܰܢ ܕܗܳܘܶܐ ܠܶܗ ܕܰܪܒܐ ܘܫܒܺܝ̣ܠܐ ܦܽܘܠܺܝ̣ܛܺܝ̣ܩܳܝܳܐ ܕܳܪܳܢܳܝܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘܪܳܝܳܐ ܣܘ̣ܪܝܳܝܐ. ܕܐܶܒܶܗ ܡܗܰܠܰܟ̣ܟ̈ܶܐܗ̱ܰܢ ܐܽܘܡ̈ܬ̣ܢܳܝܶܐ ܪ̈ܰܒܶܐ ܕܐܰܝܟ݂ ܐܰܫܽܘܪ ܝܽܘܣܦ، ܦܰܪܺܝܕܽܘܢ ܐܰܬ̣ܘܪܰܝܰܐ، ܣܰܢܚܰܪܝ̣ܒ ܒܰܐܠܝ̣،ܝܘ̣ܚܰܢܳܢ ܕܘܠܰܒܰܐܢܝ̣، ܝܽܘܚܢܢ ܣܰܠܡܰܐܢ ܘܣـܛܰܪ. ܘܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ ܗܰܐܘܺܝ̣ ܫܺܝܦܽܘܪܳܐ ܪܰܥܽܘܡ ܩܳܠܳܐ ܕܠܳܐ ܟܶܫܠܐ ܠܰܫܰܢ ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܥܺܝܪܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܘܗ̱ܘ̣ ܢܽܘ̣ܚܳܡܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܥܰܡܳܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܳܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ ܒܡܰܕܢܚܳܐ ܘܡܰܥܪܒܳܐ.

ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܡܶܬ̣ܚܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܕܳܪܐ ܕܰܬܫܰܥܣܰܪ، ܘܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܡܰܘܠܳܕܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܛܰܟܰܣܬܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܬܐ ܕܺܝܡܽܘ̣ܩܪܰܛܳܝܬܐ ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܐܬ̣ܪܳܐ ܕܣܽܘܪܺܝܐ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬܐ݂ 1957ܡ̄، ܡܫܰܪܶܐ ܠܰܗ̇ ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܰܪܕܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܘܗ̱ܝ̣ ܐܽܘܡܬ̣ܳܢܳܝܽܘܬ݂ܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ ܡܶܢܕܪܺܝܫ ܕܩܰܝܡܐ ܠܰܚܰܝ̈ܐ. ܘܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܛܰܟܰܣܬܐ ܐܳܬ݂ܘ̣ܪܳܝܬܐ ܕܺܝܡܽܘܩܪܰܛܳܝܬܐ ܣܬܶܐ ܟ̣ܶܕ ܙܰܘܥܳܐ ܦܽܘܠܺܝܛܺܝܩܳܝܳܐ ܥܰܡܡܳܝܳܐ ܩܰܕ̱ܡܳܝܳܐ ܡܫܰܬܐܣܳܐ ܥܰܠ ܪ̈ܶܢܝܐ ܕܳܪ̈ܳܢܳܝܐ ܕܢܰܥܘ̣ܡ ܦܰܐܝܩ، ܘܗܳܠ ܠܰܝܰܘܡ̈ܳܬ̣ܰܝܕܰܢ ܟܳܐ ܡܺܝ̣ܫܰܬܐܶܣ ܫܽܘ̈ܬܳܐܣܶܐ ܘܙܰܘ̈ܥܶܐ ܣܰܓܺܝ̈ܐܐ ܥܰܠ ܥܰܝܢ̈ܝ̣ ܢܝ̣ܫܐ ܘܪ̈ܶܢܝܐ.

ܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ ܫܰܓ̣ܶܠ ܘܶܦܠܶܚܠܶܗ ܬܰܚܬ ܫܰܪ̈ܛܐ ܘܢܽܘ̈ܩܳܦܶܐ ܟܢܽܘ̈ܫܝܳܝܶܐ ܘܦܽܘ̣ܠܺܝ̣̈ܛܺܝ̣ܩܳܝܶܐ ܥܰܣ̈ܩܶܐ، ܒܦܶܚܡܳܐ ܕܓܶܠܝܽܘ̣ܢܳܪ̈ܶܐ ܦܽܘ̣ܠܺܝ̣ܛܺܝ̣ܩܳܪ̈ܶܐ ܘܟܳܬ̣ܘ̈ܒܶܐ ܐ̱ܚܪ̈ܶܢܶܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܙܰܒܢܰܝܕܶܗ. ܘܥܰܠ ܐܰܪ̈ܶܢܝܰܝܕܶܗ ܡܰܚܶܬܠܶܗ ܪܘ̣ܚܶܗ ܒܩܶܢܛܳܐ.

ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬ݂ܐ 1912 ܐܰܘܟܺܝܬ̣ ܬܠܳܬ̣ ܫܢ̈ܝܐ ܡܶܩܶܡ ܡܗ̱ܘ̣ ܩܛܳܠܥܡܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1915 ܡܓܰܠܘܶܐܠܶܗ ܠܗ̱ܘ̣ ܐܰܬ݂ܪܳܐ ܕܐܰܡܶܪܺܝ̣ܟܰܐ، ܘܦܰܝܶܫ ܬܰܡܳܢ ܗܳܠ ܠܗ̱ܘ̣ ܝܰܘܡܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܫܽܘ̣ܢܳܝܰܝܕܗ. ܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ ܟܝ̣ܬ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܠܶܗ ܗܰܝܡܳܢܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܪܰܒܬ̣ܐ ܒܐܘ̣ܡܬ݂ܐ ܡܚܰܝܰܕܬܐ، ܘܒܦܘ̣ܠܚܳܢܐ ܘܒܰܐܓܽܘܢܳܐ ܫܰܪܝ̣ܪܐ ܕܠܰܐܦ̈ܰܝ ܫܘ̣ܠܛܳܢܐ ܝܳܬ̣ܳܝܐ ܠܰܫܰܢ ܗ̱ܘ ܥܰܡܐ ܐܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܐ ܣܘ̣ܪܝܳܝܐ. ܘܐܰܫܘ̣ܡܳܗ̈ܐ ܣܰܓܺܝ̈ܐܐ ܟܳܒܶܢ ܚܰܝܠܳܐ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܝܳܪܬܘ̣ܬ̣ܰܝܕܰܢ ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܥܰܬܝ̣ܪܬܐ، ܐܳܡܰܪ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ.

ܢܰܥܘ̣ܡ ܦܐܰܝܩ ܩܰܝܶܡ ܡܩܰܒܶܠ ܕܐܰܦܘ̣ܠܳܓ̣̈ܐ ܬܰܘܕܺܝܬ݂̣ܳܢܳܝ̈ܐ، ܒܙܰܒܢܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܠܺܝܛܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܥܺܕܬܐ ܬܰܚܬ ܫܽܘܐܠܳܐ ܡܶܕܶܡ ܠܳܐ ܡܺܝ̣ܬܰܚܬܐ ܘܰܐ. ܘܶܦܠܶܚ ܠܶܗ ܒܚܺܝܨܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܠܚܕܳܐ ܦܽܘ̣ܠܺܝ̣ܛܺܝ̣ܩܺܝ̣ ܡܚܰܝܰܕܬܳܐ ܕܠܳܐ ܣܢܺܝܩܳܐ ܘܰܐ ܥܰܠ ܫܽܘ̣ܡܳܗܳܐ ܡܶܕܶܡ. ܘܗܰܬ̣ܶܐ ܗܰܘܝܐ ܥܶܠܬ̣ܐ ܕܗܳܘܶܐ ܣܘ̣ܡܳܟ̣ܐ ܥܰܫܝ̣ܢܐ ܠܗ̣ܘ ܪܶܢܝܐ ܐܽܘܡܬ݂ܳܢܳܝܐ ܝ̣ܺܨܺܝܦܐ. ܢܰܥܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܩ ܦܪܶܣܠܶܗ ܐܰܪ̈ܶܥܝܳܢܰܝܕܶܗ ܘܐܰܡܰܚܫ̈ܒܳܬ̣ܰܝܕܶܗ ܒܰܟܬ̣ܳܒ̈ܐ، ܘܒܐܶܓܪ̈ܳܬ̣ܐ ܕܶܡܫܰܕܰܪܠܶܗ، ܘܒܰܡܺܐܡܪ̈ܶܐ، ܘܒܰܡܓ݂̈ܰܠܶܐ.

ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1904، ܐܰܙܙܶܗ ܠܶܗ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܣܽܘܪܝܳܝܬܐ ܐܳܪܬܘܕܽܘ̣ܟܣܳܝܬܐ ܕܟܽܘܪܟܡܳܐ ܕܟܺܝ̣ܬܝܳܐ ܠܰܪܒ̣ܰܠ ܡܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܕܝ̣ܢ̱ܬܐ ܕܡܶܪܕܺܝ̣ܢ، ܘܬܰܡܳܢ ܗܪܶܓܠܶܗ ܠܰܣܪ̈ܺܝܛܳܬ̣ܐ ܣܽܘܪ̈ܝܳܝܳܬ̣ܐ ܕܟܝ̣ܬ ܘܰܐ ܒܰܒܶܝܬ݂ ܐܰܪ̈ܟܶܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܕܟܽܘܪܟܡܳܐ. ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1905 ܡܫܰܬܰܐܣ ܠܶܗ ܗ̱ܘ̣ ܚܘ̣ܕܪܐ ܕܥܝ̣ܪܘܬ̣ܐ، ܕܗܰܐܘܺܝ̣ ܩܶܢܛܪܘ̣ܢ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܥܠܰܝܡܘ̣ܬ̣ܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܬܐ ܣܘ̣ܪܝܳܝܬܐ ܒܐܳܡܝ̣ܕ.

ܘܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1908 ܡܫܰܬܰܐܣ ܠܶܗ ܠܫܰܘܬܳܦܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܕܥܺܝ̣ܪܽܘܬ̣ܐ.

ܘܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1909 ܡܫܰܬܰܐܣ ܠܶܗ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܓ݂ܰܠܬ̣ܐ ܡܫܰܡܗܬܐ ܟܰܘܟܒܳܐ ܕܡܰܕܢܚܳܐ. ܘܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1916 ܡܫܰܬܰܐܣ ܠܶܗ ܠܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܓ݂ܰܠܬ݂ܳܐ ܕܒܶܝܬ݂ܢܰܗܪ̈ܺܝ̣ܢ ܒܰܐܡܪܺܝ̣ܟܰܐ.

ܘܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1921 ܡܶܕܠܶܗ ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܫܰܐܠܘ̣ܬܐ ܕܪܺܝ̣ܫ ܟܳܬ݂ܽܘ̣ܒܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܓ݂ܰܠܬ݂ܐ ܕܚܽܘܝܳܕܳܐ ܠܡܶܬ݂ܚܳܐ ܕܬܪ̈ܬܶܝܢ ܫܢܺܝ̈ܢ ܒܰܐܡܪܺܝ̣ܟܰܐ. ܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܓ݂ܰܠܬ̣ܐ ܕܚܽܘܝܳܕܳܐ ܟܰܠܝܐ ܘܰܐ ܗܳܠ ܠܫܰܒ̈ܥܺܝ̣ܢܳܝܬ̣ܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܕܳܪܳܐ ܕܥܰܒܶܪ، ܐܳܘܟܺܝܬ̣ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ 1978 ܬܶܢܝܳܢܽܘܬ̣ ܡܫܰܪܶܐ ܠܰܗ̇ ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܦܪܳܣܳܐ ܐܰܝܟ݂ ܡܓ̣ܰܠܬ݂ܳܐ ܝܰܪܚܳܝܬܐ ܕܚܽܘܝܳܕܳܐ ܐܳܬ̣ܘ̣ܪܳܝܐ ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܣܘܶܝܕ.

ܒܰܝܰܕ̈ܥܳܬ݂ܶܗ ܥܰܡܺܝ̈ܩܳܬ̣ܐ ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܠܶܫܳܢܳܐ، ܘܒܰܕܺܝܠ̈ܳܝܳܬ̣ܐ ܦܶܕܰܓܳܘ̈ܓܳܝܳܬ̣ܐ ܘܛܳܒ̈ܬ̣ܐ ܕܟܝ̣ܬ ܗ̱ܘܳܐ ܠܶܗ ܠܢܰܥܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܩ، ܦܪܺܝ̣ܣ ܘܝܺܕܺܥ ܐܶܫܡܶܗ ܒܰܪܘܺܝ̣ܚܘ̣ܬ̣ܐ ܒܰܝܢ ܗ̱ܘ̣ ܥܰܡܰܝܕܰܢ، ܘܗܰܬ̣ܶܗ ܗܰܘܝܐ ܥܶܠܬ̣ܐ ܕܐܶܙܙܶܗ ܘܕܡܰܘܠܶܦ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܰܕܪܰܫܬܳܐ ܕܗ̱ܝ̣ ܦܰܛܪܝܰܪܟ̣ܘܬ̣ܐ. ܡܗ̱ܝ̣ ܥܠܰܝܡܽܘ̣ܬ̣ܰܝܕܶܗ ܘܗܳܠ ܠܗ̱ܘ̣ ܫܽܘ̣ܢܳܝܰܝܕܶܗ ܡܰܘܠܰܦ ܠܶܗ ܗ̱ܘ̣ ܠܶܫܳܢܳܐ ܣܽܘܪܝܳܝܳܐ ܠܐܰܝܟܐ ܕܐܰܙܙܶܗ ܕܠܳܐ ܩܽܘܛܳܥܐ. ܕܠܳܐ ܟܶܫܠܳܐ، ܡܰܠܦܳܢܳܐ ܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܩ ܡܰܥܒܰܪ ܠܶܗ ܐܰ ܚܰܝܰܝ̈ܕܶܗ ܟܘ̣ܠܠܶܗ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܬܶܫܡܶܫܬܐ ܕܥܰܠ ܐܰܫܘ̣̈ܐܠܐ ܡܰܪ̈ܕܘ̣ܬ̣ܳܢܳܝܐ ܘܐܘ̣ܡ̈ܬ̣ܳܢܳܝܐ ܕܗ̱ܘ̣ ܥܰܡܰܝܕܰܢ.

ܢܰܥܽܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܶܩ ܡܫܰܢܶܐ ܠܶܗ ܝܰܘܡܶܐ ܕܐܰܪܒܥܐ 5 ܒܗ̱ܘ̣ ܝܰܪܚܐ ܕܰܫܒܳܛ ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܫܰܢ̱ܬܐ ܕ1930 ܒܗ̱ܝ̣ ܡܕܺܝܢ̱ܬ݂ܐ ܢܝܽܘܔܶܪܣܺܝ̣، ܒܐܰܡܶܪܺܝ̣ܟܰܐ، ܒܺܝܝܺܚܕܳܝܽܘܬ̣ܐ ܘܒܡܶܣܟܝ̣ܢܘ̣ܬ̣ܐ. ܐܰܚܙܳܝ̈ܳܬ̣ܰܝܕܶܗ ܘܐܰܪ̈ܶܢܝܰܝܕܶܗ ܕܢܰܥܘܡ ܦܰܐܝܩ ܗܳܠܐܰܕܝܰܘܡܰܐ ܟܳܐ ܚܳܐܶܝܢ ܐܰܥܡܰܢ ܘܒܰܝܢ ܐܰܫܽܘ̈ܬܳܐܣܰܝܕܰܢ ܘܐܰܛܘ̈ܟܳܣܰܝܕܰܢ، ܕܟܝ̣̈ܬܢܐ ܐܰܦܺܐܪ̈ܐ ܕܡܰܚܫ̈ܒܳܬ݂ܰܝܕܶܗ.

ܫܡܥܘܢ ܒܪܡܥܢܐ

Simon Barmano
Hujådå Magazine, February 11, 2014

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